Food and Drug Administration


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Food and Drug Administration

(FDA), agency of the Public Health Service division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is charged with protecting public health by ensuring that foods are safe and pure, cosmetics and other chemical substances harmless, and products safe, effective, and honestly labeled. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 and various bills since have strengthened government control by requiring prior-evidence-of-safety tests and procedures for new drugs, pesticides, and additives and colorings in foods and cosmetics. The FDA was first established in 1931; in 1940 it was transferred from the Dept. of Agriculture to the Federal Security Agency and in 1953 to the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, which was redesignated as Health and Human Services in 1979. The FDA consists of the centers for Drug Evaluation and Research, Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Veterinary Medicine, Devices and Radiological Health, and Toxicological Research. In the early 1990s, in response to criticism that its time-consuming approval processes penalized people with AIDS, it extended the classification system it uses to prioritize drugs in order to give AIDS drugs the highest priority; it also subsequently sped up the approval process for cancer drugs. Congressional legislation in 1997 mandated an overhaul of the FDA in order to speed review of new drugs and medical devices.

Bibliography

See P. J. Hilt, Protecting America's Health: The FDA, Business, and One Hundred Years of Regulation (2003) and D. Carpenter, Reputation and Power: Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
(8.) US Food and Drug Administration. Head Lice Infestation: Developing Drugs for Topical Treatment.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for testing all cosmetic ingredients before they reach the public.
They work as researchers and professors at universities, as regulatory scientists for agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration, and as researchers for government agencies such as the National Institutes of Health.
Indeed, an entire section in a recent US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determination was written about the unreliability of Cox's testimony and these assertions, a finding made by both the FDA commissioner and an administrative law judge (5, 6).
CONTACT: American Institute for Cancer Research Guide to the Nutrition Facts Label, (800)843-8114, www.aicr.org/label; Food and Drug Administration, (888)INFO-FDA, www.fda.gov.
Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Services and Radiological Health, Aug.
Washington, DC: Food and Drug Administration. Available: www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/5900dft.pdf [accessed 26 July 2004].
We are requested by the customer to certify that the alloy has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for contact with food products.
Food and Drug Administration keeps people up to date on the latest health news, medications and medical technology, and toxicology research.
Unlike medications, dietary supplements do not have to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration for safety or effectiveness.
Circuit Court for the District of Columbia struck down in October the Food and Drug Administration's "Pediatric Rule," citing the agency's lack of statutory authority.
Mohling worked with the Food and Drug Administration to develop Science and Our Food Supply, a new science curriculum aimed at teaching middle and high school students about food safety and careers in food science.
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