famine

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famine

widespread food shortages leading to starvation and a high death rate within a given population. During a famine people die not only of hunger but from a variety of diseases to which they become increasingly vulnerable. Sen (1981) has argued that starvation arises from the condition of people not having enough to eat, and not as a result of there not being enough food to eat. Famine generally occurs when there is a sudden collapse of the level of food consumption, rather than as the result of a longterm decline, and people die because of the lack of time available to counteract the factors that lead to low consumption. It rarely occurs that a population is without any food (the Netherlands under German occupation during World War II may be one example), rather, Sen argues that it is changes in people's entitlement to food which is altered. Thus famine is linked to the distribution as well as the production of food, and the vulnerability of some groups, rather than others, within a population. Historically, famine has been precipitated by events such as serious floods or pestilence, but in the 20th-century major famines have been closely associated with warfare, as with Ethiopia and Mozambique in the 1970s and 80s, or with profound political upheavals, as with the consolidation of Stalinism in the 1930s in the USSR, and Maoism in China in the late 1950s. In all of these cases, however, only some social groups lost their entitlement to food, whilst others retained theirs or acquired new ones.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
While there is no denial that the above-mentioned reasons could have contributed to the hike in food prices, the main reason behind the 2008 food crisis was the 2008 financial crisis itself.
Russo further warned that the food crisis in the affected countries would become worse without international humanitarian assistance, with estimates showing the number of hungry people in Yemen would have reached more than 20 million.
Why not establish new mechanisms and channel water to Tiaty, Baringo East, which is one of the places experiencing the food crisis?
They must address it before we run into serious food crisis.'
But to some 10 million of our countrymen who experienced involuntary hunger at least once in the past three months, a food crisis is real.
At that time, Ian Maliseni, who lives near the central capital of Lilongwe, (http://www.ibtimes.com/malawis-food-crisis-child-malnutrition-grows-amid-economic-woes-2117241) said the food crisis was the worst he's ever seen.
The institute added that beyond the framework and the plan, much more needs to be done, and regional cooperation will be essential to manage a food crisis.
Highlighting the severity of food crisis issue, Afridi said the price of food items such as vegetables, chicken and meat has increased by more than 20 percent just in one month, which has further made the half of the population of country food insecure.
On the occasion of Arab Agriculture Day today, Rashid Ahmed bin Fahd, Minister of Environment and Water, reaffirmed the country's commitment to support joint Arab efforts to set up a strategic food reserve in response to the world food crisis.
The company has started taking all necessary measures to ensure stability of food supplies, with direct government support and according to guidelines of the supreme leadership, he said, noting that it had mapped out a contingency plan in 2008, when the global food crisis broke out.
The UN estimates we will hit nine billion people by 2050 - and there is already a global food crisis, Gates said.
However, with 40 tonnes of insects to every human, they could offer a solution to the global food crisis, where millions starve every day while the meat consumption of the rich draws huge amounts of grain out of the global food chain.