Foraker, Joseph Benson

Foraker, Joseph Benson

(fŏr`əkər), 1846–1917, American politician, b. Highland co., Ohio. After service in the Civil War, he practiced law in Cincinnati and was a judge of the superior court (1879–82), governor of Ohio (1886–90), and U.S. senator (1897–1909). He supported President McKinleyMcKinley, William,
1843–1901, 25th president of the United States (1897–1901), b. Niles, Ohio. He was educated at Poland (Ohio) Seminary and Allegheny College. After service in the Union army in the Civil War, he returned to Ohio and became a lawyer at Canton.
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's policies. When Mark HannaHanna, Marcus Alonzo
(Mark Hanna), 1837–1904, American capitalist and politician, b. New Lisbon (now Lisbon), Ohio. He attended Western Reserve College for a short time, then entered his father's wholesale grocery and commission business at Cleveland in 1858.
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 died, Foraker became the undisputed Republican boss of Ohio. His second term in the Senate was marked by notable clashes with Theodore RooseveltRoosevelt, Theodore,
1858–1919, 26th President of the United States (1901–9), b. New York City. Early Life and Political Posts

Of a prosperous and distinguished family, Theodore Roosevelt was educated by private tutors and traveled widely.
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. Foraker, in many ways a progressive governor, became an able Old Guard senator. He led the opposition to the Hepburn bill on railroad rebates in 1906 and opposed the direct election of U.S. senators. His political career was ended when, in the election campaign of 1908, William Randolph HearstHearst, William Randolph,
1863–1951, American journalist and publisher, b. San Francisco. A flamboyant, highly controversial figure, Hearst was nonetheless an intelligent and extremely competent newspaperman.
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 revealed that Foraker had accepted from the Standard Oil Company large retainers as well as a loan to purchase the Ohio State Journal. He was defeated for the Republican nomination to the Senate in 1914 by Warren G. HardingHarding, Warren Gamaliel
, 1865–1923, 29th President of the United States (1921–23), b. Blooming Grove (now Corsica), Ohio. After study (1879–82) at Ohio Central College, he moved with his family to Marion, Ohio, where he devoted himself to journalism.
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. His Notes of a Busy Life (1916) is a primary source for the politics of the period.
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Foraker, Joseph Benson

(1846–1917) U.S. senator, governor; born in Rainsboro, Ohio. A Civil War hero, he was a lawyer and judge in Ohio. A Republican, he was elected governor of Ohio (1886–90) and U.S. Senator (1897–1908). Accused of accepting money from Standard Oil, he was forced to resign.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.