Force Majeure

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Related to Force majuere: Force majeure clause
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Force Majeure

 

(irresistible force), in civil law, a circumstance that discharges a person from responsibility. The term ”force majeure” refers to an extraordinary event whose harmful consequences could not be averted by the person responsible for averting them. Among such events are natural disasters (earthquakes, floods) and social phenomena, for example, war. Although it can not be averted, force majeure is relative: an event that is irresistible under some conditions may not be irresistible under others.

As a rule, force majeure discharges a person from property responsibility if it was the cause of a violation of the law and the obligated person is not at fault. In some cases, the offender bears property responsibility even in the presence of force majeure (for example, under art. 101 of the Air Code of the USSR). Force majeure is also grounds for suspending the running of a period of limitation of actions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.