Forensic Medical Examination

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Forensic Medical Examination


a medical examination concerning special medical and biological problems that arise in the course of a judicial investigation. A forensic medical examination is performed at the request of bodies of investigation or the court in order to establish certain information pertaining to a case—for example, to identify a person or to determine cause of death, nature of bodily injuries, state of health, age, or degree of intoxication.

In the USSR, a forensic medical examination is performed by a physician who has been specially trained for the purpose and who serves as a forensic medical expert. If such an expert is not available, the examination may be assigned to an ordinary physician. Special institutions known as bureaus of forensic medical examination are located in Moscow, Leningrad, and the administrative centers of oblasts, krais, and autonomous republics; they are also found in the Union republic ministries for public health. In complicated cases, several experts and physicians with different specializations may take part in the examination. The results are presented in the form of a written conclusion. Problems of forensic medical examinations are studied by the special scientific discipline known as forensic medicine.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We are clear everyone who needs it should have access to a forensic medical examination, wider healthcare interventions and support, whether or not they have reported the crime."
They aim to provide an immediate, supportive response, as well as the option of forensic medical examination, assessment of sexual health needs and spaces for interviews.
"I reported it to the police and the process began of giving evidence and having a forensic medical examination," she said.
WHAT'S INVOLVED IN A FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION? It's a head to toe examination checking for surface wounds, which will be recorded, and other injuries.
Bodies of Farida Jabrailzade, Babur Huseynov and Namin Buniyatzade, the mountaineers who went missing in the mountainous area of Azerbaijan's Guba district, were found near Tufandag Mountain under the snow at a depth of four meters and were handed over to their families, Department of Forensic Medical Examination and Anatomical Pathology of the Guba District Healthcare Ministry told Trend May 17.
The officers gave their depositions on the incident and were then referred to the forensic medical examination.
The charges against a man suspected of raping his minor daughter will be brought after forensic medical examination of the girl.
A better understanding of the factors associated with the forensic confirmation of child sexual abuse may help predict when material proof is more likely to be obtained at the forensic medical examination. Consequently, the regulations for the multidisciplinary evaluation of victims may be improved, reducing the risk of re-victimization associated with unnecessary examination.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) are registered nurses who have been specially trained to provide comprehensive care to the sexual assault patient and have demonstrated competency in conducting a forensic medical examination. A SANE is also able to provide expert witness testimony.
According to Humaira Qarizada who is the manager of the aid group Women for Afghan Women in Lowzjan, a girl who had run away with her lover, was arrested and sent to hospital for forensic medical examination. She was sentenced to three months in prison.
Even as the Indian Evidence Act, as amended in 2002, clearly prohibited a reference to the sexual history of a victim of sexual assault, which required the TFT and the Supreme Court called such a test as "hypothetical" and "opinionative" nearly a decade ago, thanks to the efforts of activists, the horrendous quality of the forensic medical examination for victims of sexual assaults is bound to change for the better.
On the other hand, the SIU has finalized last months its investigations in various cases, heard the testimonies of twenty-three victims, eight witnesses and interrogated nineteen accused persons and ordered the referral of five victims to forensic medical examination and one victim to psychiatric medic, according to the requirement of investigations.

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