Forensic Psychology

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Forensic Psychology

 

a branch of science that explores individual manifestations of psychological patterns in the area of prevention of criminal violations of judicial proceedings and in the field of correction and reformation of offenders. Forensic psychology analyzes the psychological mechanism by which antisocial views and habits arise and take root in a person’s mind, the process by which criminal aims and motives are formed and carried out, and the way in which the psychological peculiarities of persons taking part in judicial proceedings may influence, among other things, their attitude in a particular case or the substance of their explanations and decisions.

Criminal law utilizes the findings of forensic psychology in developing investigative methods and tactics, including those related to the study of the personality of the accused, in evaluating the effectiveness of criminal punitive measures and working out recommendations as to their use, and in refining means of crime prevention and research on the causes of crime.

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