Forest Maturity

Forest Maturity

 

the age at which individual trees or plantations are most suitable for use.

There are several types of forest maturity: natural, quantitative, economic, technical, and restorative. The stage of natural maturity is defined as the age at which the plantation or tree dies. For example, individual pine and spruce trees have a life-span of 300 to 350 years, and pine and spruce forests a lifespan of 200 to 250 years. Quantitative maturity is the age at which the plantation or tree has the greatest annual growth (cu m of wood per hectare divided by the age of the plantation). A forest cut at this age yields the greatest amount of wood. Qualitative maturity is the age at which a volume unit of output is most valuable. Economic maturity of a tree or plantation is reached when the greatest average monetary income can be obtained in a year. Technical maturity is the age at which a tree or plantation produces the largest average amount of the desired assortment.

Restorative maturity is the age at which the optimal natural restoration of the forest (seed or vegetative reforestation) is ensured. For soft-leaved trees (such as birch and alder) seed restorative maturity occurs at 30 to 40 years of age, for pine at 40 to 50 years, for spruce 60 to 70 years, and for hard-leaved trees (such as oak) 80 to 90 years. Root restorative maturity occurs at 25 years for soft-leaved species and at 40 years for hard-leaved species.

REFERENCE

Lesoustroistvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.

N. P. ANUCHIN

References in periodicals archive ?
We set eight capture points at each forest type, being careful to select stands of about the same age (35-40 years old, based on information provided by the local people) to avoid confounding effects related to forest maturity and habitat structure, which are associated with the resident avian community (Styring et al.
Full browser ?