Forgery of Documents

Forgery of Documents

 

according to Soviet criminal law, a crime that involves making forged copies of authentic documents or drawing up fraudulent documents. Two types of forgery are distinguished. The first is official forgery, where an official intentionally enters false information in official documents, forges and alters official records, or intentionally enters false information in books. Official forgery is committed with a specific intent, from mercenary or other selfish motives. An incorrect entry done from carelessness or by mistake is considered a disciplinary infraction. Forgery committed by an official is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to two years, correctional labor for a period of up to one year, or dismissal. Special criminal statutes establish accountability for forging election documents (art. 133 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

The second type of forgery is committed by a private individual and involves making forged documents that grant some right or release someone from some obligation. This type of forgery is criminally punishable if the forger intends to use the document himself or sell it to other persons. For example, criminal responsibility is established for evasion of the military draft by means of forged documents (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 80). The manufacture for sale or sale of counterfeit money, state securities, or foreign currency is also criminally punishable (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 87).

The manufacture of forged stamps, seals, and forms of state institutions or public organizations or their sale is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to two years or correctional labor for a period of up to one year. If these actions are committed systematically, they are punishable by deprivation of freedom for up to five years or exile for the same period. Using a document known to be forged is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to one year, correctional labor for the same period, or a fine of up to 30 rubles.

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Kerario Marwa and Samuel Odingo face separate counts among them forgery of documents with the intent to defraud the sugar firm of millions of shillings.
Both suspects are accused of involvement in the forgery of documents approving a payment of Rwf 435 million debts the cooperative owes contractors that constructed the abattoir and signing the fraudulent document without the consent of the cooperative members.
The level of security, quality and price do not correspond to the current realities and need improvements to avoid forgery of documents.
Nine persons were arrested suspected that they have committed a criminal offense of association for the purpose of commission of criminal offenses related to forgery of documents and complicity, SIPA said.
He said 29 of the suspects were arrested in Amman, including one, who has been on the run since 2013, and another who was sentenced to a jail term of one year on charges of forgery and forgery of documents. The other arrests were six in Irbid, 5 in Jerash, 4 in Zarqa, 3 in Mafraq and 3 in the governorates of Ajlun, Tafilah and Balqa, Sartawi said.
Regime officials have insisted the law would not result in the confiscation of property, but was aimed at proving and organizing ownership to combat forgery of documents in opposition-held areas.
There were also allegations that through the manipulation and forgery of documents and revenue records he grabbed prime land including those allotted to freedom fighters.
Three people were arrested on Sunday in Paphos in connection with cases of forgery of documents and for illegally staying in Cyprus.
A ranking official of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) said he continues to discover fake Certificates of Tribal Membership (CTM) amid the continuing war against forgery of documents, especially for overseas-bound Filipino Muslims.
The opposition parties also raked up an old allegation against the CJI that he acquired public land through forgery of documents, "The fourth charge relates the Chief Justice having acquired land when he was an Advocate by giving an affidavit which was found to be false.
CBI registered an FIR on October 18 and booked Tiwari on charges of cheating, forgery of documents and using forged documents as genuine.