formamide

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formamide

[fȯrm′am·əd]
(organic chemistry)
A compound containing the radical HCONH.
HCONH2 A clear, colorless hygroscopic liquid, boiling at 200-212°C; soluble in water and alcohol; used as a solvent, softener, and chemical intermediate. Also known as formylamine; methanamide.
References in periodicals archive ?
Formamides have played a significant role in organic synthesis.
In order to overcome the mentioned drawbacks, we need to develop a better protocol for synthesis of formamides in terms of operational simplicity and economical viability.
More examinations also resulted that in the case of benzylic and aromatic secondary amines such as benzylamine and N-methylaniline, the protocol was also efficient and produced the corresponding formamides in 88-90 % yields (entries 18 and 19).
Klein, Preparation of Nitriles from Formamides, U.S.
Faraj, Synthesis of Isocyanate Precursors from Primary Formamides, U.S.
Vaziri, Zr-MCM-41 Nanoreactors: a Highly Efficient, Reusable and Novel Catalyst for the Synthesis of N-heteroaryl Formamides Under Solvent-Free Conditions, J.
When the reaction was completed, the mixture was passed through a short column of silica gel (200-400 mesh) and the eluted solvent was then evaporated under reduced pressure to afford the pure N-phenyl formamide in 95% yield (0.115 g, Table-2, entry 1).
Results: The reaction was fully completed in 10 minutes and produced N-[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl] formamide in good yield.
Conclusions: The first Leuckart reaction producing an amide, other than formamide, as the main product, was conducted.
Amides such as urea (7), formamide (1), and ethylenebisforma-mide (8) promote the plasticization of starch too.
It is a remarkably simple process that includes only two components: the carbonyl compound and formamide. The reaction is completed simply by heating the components at 160[degrees]C to 185[degrees]C for 6 to 25 hours.
Recently, we developed an accelerated procedure for the synthesis of formamide fungicides via the Leuckart reaction.