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formative (or decision-making) evaluation a policy- or decision-oriented process-based form of assessment or EVALUATION of organisations or activities. This can be carried out before, during or after a project takes place. The information generated is used to inform decisions about the manner and effectiveness in which a project operates. The aim is to improve the on-going operation of a programme or organization, for example by improving systems, sharing ‘good practice’ and collecting information to assist on-going decision-making. Compare SUMMATIVE EVALUATION.