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, Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2015 est. pop. 23,486,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan Strait.
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Formosa,province (1991 pop. 404,367), 27,825 sq mi (72,067 sq km), N Argentina. The city of Formosa is the capital.
a province of northern Argentina, located in the Gran Chaco, between the Paraguay, Pilcomayo, and Bermejo rivers. Area, 72,000 sq km. Population, 234,000 (1970). The capital of the province is also named Formosa. Logging and cattle raising are the most important sectors of the economy. The chief crops are cotton and corn. Tannin is extracted from the quebracho tree.