Form of Government

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Form of Government


the way state authority is organized. A form of government is defined by its method of formation, the legal status of its higher bodies of authority, and the status of the head of state.

The main forms of government in exploitative states are the monarchy (seeMONARCHY) and the republic (see). Of these two, the republic is the most common form in contemporary bourgeois states, whether the government be parliamentary (as in Austria, Italy, Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Switzerland) or presidential (as in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the USA). A constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy exists in certain bourgeois states, such as Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Countries that have been liberated from colonial dependency have almost all introduced a republican form of government.

All the socialist states have a republican form of government embodying the power of the working people.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, that African Americans were gladly forming ecclesial entities separate from their white siblings and sometimes refusing even cooperative ventures with them demonstrates that the reasons for separate African or black organizations were still operative: escaping racist practices, having opportunities for freer styles of worship, conducting greater evangelistic and humanitarian work among blacks, securing ordination and other forms of leadership, and fighting slavery and thereafter racial discrimination.
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In the first of these, Chrislip and Larson introduce the two dominant forms of leadership in Western culture, tactical and positional, and distinguish their attributes from those of successful collaborative leadership.
and Japan--has created the space for alternative forms of leadership, while at the same time providing middle powers with ample incentives to define such a role and develop the bureaucratic capacity to implement it.
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In "A Century's Quest to Understand School Leadership," Kenneth Leithwood and Daniel Duke conclude that recent thinking has focused on six forms of leadership: instructional, transformational, moral, participative, managerial, and contingent.
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