Formula One

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Related to Formula One Championship: F-1, Formula 1

Formula One

(F1), type of racecar used in Grand Prix automobile racingautomobile racing,
sport in which specially designed or modified automobiles race on any of various courses. Automobile racing originated in France in 1894 and appeared in the United States the following year. It is now one of the most popular spectator sports in the world.
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. Capable of speeds exceeding 230 mph (370 kph), the technologically sophisticated F1 cars are low-slung, open-wheeled, single-seat vehicles with powerful mid-engines, air foils, electronic aids, special suspensions, and large tires. They are usually smaller and more maneuverable than similar "Indy-type" racecars. Grand Prix races are usually held on special closed-circuit racetracks, although some (e.g., Monaco Grand Prix) take place on closed streets in and around cities. The design of the F1 cars and rules of F1 racing are under the control of the Paris-based Fédération International de l'Automobile (FIA). The first Grand Prix auto race was held in France in 1906, but it was not until after World War II that F1 racing was born; it soon became one of the world's most popular—and most expensive—sports.

Today's Grand Prix races feature national teams and a standard racing circuit. F1 racecars are usually made by major automobile manufacturers called constructors—Ferrari, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz (Daimler), Renault, Toyota, and others—and are maintained by full-time teams. The teams are usually sponsored by large corporations, often in cooperation with an automobile company; some are sponsored solely by car companies. F1 racing was traditionally centered in Europe, but F1 Grand Prix races are now held worldwide. Since 1950 the FIA has declared an annual F1 world champion constructor and driver. Among the best-known drivers are Argentina's Juan Fangio (1950s), Britain's Jackie StewartStewart, Jackie
(John Young Stewart), 1939–, Scottish automobile race driver. He began racing in 1961 and by 1973 had won 27 world championship Grand Prix victories. A dominant force in the sport, he won three world formula one championships before retiring in late 1973.
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 (1960s–70s), America's Mario AndrettiAndretti, Mario
, 1940–, American auto racing driver, b. Italy. He is the only driver to have won the Indianapolis 500 (1969), stock racing's Daytona 500 (1967), and the international Formula One championship (1978).
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 (1978), Austria's Niki Lauda (1970s–80s), France's Alain Prost (1980s–90s), and Germany's Michael SchumacherSchumacher, Michael
, 1969–, German auto race driver, b. Hürth-Hermühlheim. Regarded as the best Formula 1 (F1) driver of his era, he debuted as a racecar driver in 1988 and within two years had become Germany's Formula Three champion.
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 (1990s–2000s).

Bibliography

See S. Arron and M. Hughes, The Complete Book of Formula One (2003); P. G. Wright, Formula 1 Technology (2003); B. Jones Complete Encyclopedia of Formula One (2004); D. Tremayne, The Science of Formula 1 Design (2004).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The 26-year-old further said that he "lives, eats, sleeps and drinks" to win the Formula One championship title, the Daily Mirror reports.
Summary: He may not have the Formula One championship sewn up just yet, but Jenson Button does have one top honour under his belt.
THE Formula One championship will be held over 16 races this season after the Argentine Grand Prix was yesterday officially withdrawn from the 1999 schedule.
Yeongam (South Korea), Oct 24(ANI): Ferrari's Fernando Alonso has taken the Formula One championship lead after winning the rain-hit Korean Grand Prix on Sunday.
WITH the Formula One championship still to be decided, Mirror Sport has teamed up with Foster's - the `No Worries' Amber Nectar and an official sponsor of Grand Prix racing - to give readers a final chance of being a 1998 F1 winner.
London, Oct 23(ANI): Ferrari team principal Stefano Domenicali has said that another engine failure for Fernando Alonso would end his Formula One championship title hopes.
And he has warned his Formula One championship rivals to quit if they are scared.
Sao Paulo (Brazil), Oct.16 (ANI): Formula One championship leader Jenson Button believes he can win the title in Brazil.
But one thing is for sure, the FIA Formula One championship will stay and life will go on."
Grand Prix boss Max Mosley has hammered Formula One championship favourite Jacques Villeneuve in a major safety row.
Formula One championship leader Jenson Button could only manage sixth, but Brawn GP team mate Rubens Barrichello, took second place on the starting grid.
Hill, no doubt, will have his own tag for the tormentor in overalls three sizes too big who has turned his Formula One championship chase into an uphill struggle.