Fort Pillow

Fort Pillow,

fortification on the Mississippi River, N of Memphis, Tenn.; built by Confederate Gen. Gideon Pillow in 1862. Evacuated by the Confederates after the fall of Island No. 10Island No. 10,
former island in the Mississippi River, between NW Tenn. and SE Mo.; site of an important western campaign of the Civil War. With the advance of Union Gen. U. S. Grant up the Tennessee River, all Confederate positions, except New Madrid and Island No.
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 to the north, the fort was occupied by Union troops on June 6, 1862. Confederate Gen. Nathan Forrest stormed and captured Fort Pillow on Apr. 12, 1864, killing many African-American defenders. Often called the Fort Pillow Massacre, it became one of the greatest atrocity stories of the Civil War. Charged with ruthless killing, Forrest argued that the soldiers had been killed trying to escape; however, racial animosity on the part of his troops was undoubtedly a factor.

Pillow, Fort:

see Fort PillowFort Pillow,
fortification on the Mississippi River, N of Memphis, Tenn.; built by Confederate Gen. Gideon Pillow in 1862. Evacuated by the Confederates after the fall of Island No. 10 to the north, the fort was occupied by Union troops on June 6, 1862. Confederate Gen.
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
When they weren't talking about his slaves or his slave trading, they talked about his heroism in battle, though they didn't talk about the Battle of Fort Pillow, when he had ordered the massacre of hundreds of American troops attempting to surrender, most of them former slaves.
But Forrest himself famously said "War is killing," and we can't talk about him and killing in the same breath, without discussing what history remembers as the Fort Pillow Massacre.
Confederate cavalryman Nathan Bedford Forrest's genius for disruption earned him the epithet "that devil." No event of his career stood out as more infamous than his April 1864 assault on a garrison of Federal troops at isolated Fort Pillow along the Mississippi River.
There was not a pit at Fort Pillow, caused by a Union explosion, where black troops were trapped and murdered by the South.
Nathan Bedford Forrest took Union-held Fort Pillow in Tennessee; almost half of the Union garrison was made up of black soldiers, many of whom were slain by the Confederates.
The Fort Pillow massacre: North, South, and the Status of African-Americans in the Civil War Era
Fort Pillow, a Civil War Massacre, and Public Memory, by John Cimprich.
By the way, Forrests men did not commit a "massacre" at Fort Pillow. Anyone willing to study the evidence closely will know that, even though "massacre" has become fixed as an historical "fact." If the behavior of the two sides had been reversed, we would hear how treacherous Southerners had provoked just retaliation, which Union soldiers had administered with their usual humanitarian restraint.
The group quickly took on a different mission, and Nathan Bedford Forrest, the Confederate general famed for the slaughter of black and white Union troops at Fort Pillow, became the KKK's first Grand Wizard.
Why did apparently normal people participate in the killings in the Holocaust, the Bataan Death March, the My Lai Massacre, or the slaughter at Fort Pillow? More importantly, how can these crimes be prevented?
The biographers cover his childhood, marriage, life as a businessman who became a self-made millionaire in Memphis, Tennessee, his work as a civic leader, and offers explanation for the alleged massacre at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, his dramatic call for full citizenship for Black Southerners, and his post-civil war involvement with the infamous Ku Klux Klan.
Another common theme among the authors is the Fort Pillow Massacre of 1864.

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