Fort-de-France


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Fort-de-France

(fôr-də-fräNs), city (1999 pop. 94,049), capital of the French overseas dept. of MartiniqueMauritania
, officially Islamic Republic of Mauritania, republic (2015 est. pop. 386,000), 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. Fort-de-France is the capital. The department and the island of Martinique are coextensive.
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, West Indies. It is a popular tourist resort and a free port, exporting mainly bananas, sugar, and rum. It was settled in 1762 by the French, who built Fort-Royal by the strategically situated harbor. Yellow fever hampered its prosperity, however, and Fort-de-France did not gain importance until after 1902, when the city of Saint-PierreSaint-Pierre
, town (1990 est. pop. 5,550), Martinique, West Indies. Founded by Esnambuc in 1635 and once the chief commercial city of the island, it was engulfed by a mass of flame, lava, and ash in the eruption (1902) of Pelée.
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 was destroyed by an eruption of Mont Pelée. Drainage of the swamps to control disease further stimulated Fort-de-France's growth. Empress Josephine, first wife of Napoleon I, was born across the bay from the city.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fort-de-France

 

a city and capital of Martinique, an overseas possession of France in the West Indies. Population, 100,000 (1974). Fort-de-France is a port on the western coast of the island of Martinique. Industry includes the production of rum, sugar, and canned fruits. Rum, sugar, and fruit are exported.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Fort-de-France

the capital of Martinique, a port on the W coast: commercial centre of the French Antilles. Pop.: 94 049 (1999 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005