Fortifications


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fortifications

 

structures designed for the concealment and the most effective use of weaponry, materiel, and control posts; they are also used to protect troops, civilians, and objectives in the rear from destruction by the enemy. A distinction is made between field and permanent fortifications. The science of fortification (see) deals with the development of structural components and with methods of constructing and using field and permanent fortifications.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This triangular fortification was where the American flag was first hoisted in 1898 after the First Colorado Regiment took possession of the site.
The reporter added that the army operations inflicted heavy losses upon ISIS terrorists in personnel and equipment, in addition to destroying their positions and fortifications.
He was addressing the Advocacy Workshop organized by Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) and National Fortification Alliance (NFA).
The Iron Age fortifications was unearthed in well-preserved state and consist of a 15ft high and 12ft wide brick wall that is covered in layers of mud and sand.
Early European visitors spoke admiringly of the fortifications and their efficacy: in 1597 the Jesuit Nicholas Pimenta said that it was bigger than any other city in Portugal except for Lisbon, and in 1615 Samuel Kindt described the southern fort and city of Senji as "as large as Amsterdam." Like many fortifications of its era, Senji eventually passed into European hands, becoming an outpost of the French colonial rule at Pondichery.
Archaeologists excavated the fortifications in the past, first in the 1860s and most recently in the 1980s.
Hess's Trench Warfare Under Grant & Lee is the second of a three-volume series examining fortifications in the Eastern Theater during the American Civil War and another volume in Gary Gallagher's Civil War America series.
It culminates with fortification studies, many of which teach students to transition from the floor to knees to standing smoothly.
(4) The difficulty with these routes in the past was that they ran directly within the view of the powerful fortifications of Acrocorinth, often prompting an invading army to seek an alternative course.
The medieval castle is inseparably connected with fortifications and architecture.
In response to the English seizure of Havana in 1762 administrative reforms were undertaken to bolster defensive capabilities, and these were accompanied by a surge in Crown expenditures on fortifications and infrastructure projects.