Fortified Wine

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fortified Wine


wine to which alcohol has been added during preparation. The term “fortified wine” should not be confused with the term “strong wine.” Wine in which all the alcohol is a product of the fermentation of the natural sugar in the grapes may be comparatively strong. Under favorable conditions, yeast strains that are less sensitive to alcohol may yield a wine with an alcoholic content of 14—16 percent by volume. As a rule such wines are dry or have a small sugar residue. To retain the desired amount of sugar in the wine, fermentation is stopped at the stipulated moment and a certain amount of alcohol added. Alcohol may not be added to table wine. Among the fortified wines are the strong wines (port, Madeira, sherry, Malaga, Marsala) and the dessert wines (muscatel, Tokay). The alcoholic content of dessert wines usually does not exceed 13.5-14 percent by volume. The maximum alcoholic content of fortified wines is 20 percent by volume.


Gerasimov, M. A. Tekhnologiia vina, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Vinodelie. Edited by K. S. Popov. Simferopol’, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fortified wine market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 4.88% to reach US$20.448 billion by 2023, from US$15.360 billion in 2017
The gradient elution was optimized with an extract of a fortified wine sample to obtain the best separation and peak resolution, ensuring good selectivity and sensitivity at the retention time 5.1 min.
Fortified wines such as port, madeira or a sweet sherry such as a Pedro Ximinez are considered to have the high sugar content and power to overcome chocolate's brutish presence.
LEADING DOMESTIC BRANDS OF DESSERT & FORTIFIED WINE, 2013-2014 (000 9-Liter Cases) '13/'14 Brand * Supplier 2013 2014 % Change Richard's Wild Constellation Brands 1,415 1,331 -5.9% Irish Rose MD 20/20 The Wine Group 1,100 1,030 -6.4% Taylor Dessert Constellation Brands 808 814 0 7% Fairbanks E & J Gallo Winery 640 620 -3.1% Criban Dessert Constellation Brands 231 232 0.4% Sheffield Cellars E&J Gallo Winery 215 210 -2.3% Thunderbird E&J Gallo Winery 205 195 -4.9% Cisco Constellation Brands 148 142 -4.1% Christian Brothers Heaven Hill 103 100 -2.9% Dessert Wine Distilleries Total Leading 4,865 4,674 -3.9% Brands Total Domestic 7,375 7,230 -2.0% Dessert & Fortified Wine * Does not include Sake.
Fortified wines have a devoted --if small--following, but increasing that audience takes a lot of promotion and education.
For many restaurant and bar customers these days, cocktails are the first encounter with fortified wine. "Cocktails helped push sherry back into the mainstream," says Mendez, "which is helping customers learn to enjoy fortified wine on its own."
What better thing to do than pour fortified wine over crisp white shirts?" added the Porting spokesperson.
Of those who had no major health problems in old age, only 22 percent were non-drinkers; 62 percent drank about one drink daily; about 10 percent drank one to two drinks daily; and 3 percent drank two to three drinks daily (One drink, or 15 grams of alcohol, is equivalent to 12 fluid ounces of beer, 5 fluid ounces of wine, 3.5 fluid ounces of fortified wine (such as sherry or port), or 1.5 fluid ounces of liquor (distilled spirits).
Presenting her budget speech in parliament this week, Finance Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila announced that excise duties on unfortified wines, fortified wine, sparkling wine, ciders, spirits, cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco and cigars have go up by between 6% and 10.37% effective midnight of 23 February.
Which fortified wine is named after the largest of the Portuguese islands off the west coast of Africa?
An English Benedictine monastery has come under fire for producing a fortified wine that critics describe as the "scourge of Scotland" for its high alcohol content.