Fort Monroe

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Fort Monroe,

SE Va., commanding the entrance to Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads; named for President James MonroeMonroe, James,
1758–1831, 5th President of the United States (1817–25), b. Westmoreland co., Va. Early Life

Leaving the College of William and Mary in 1776 to fight in the American Revolution, he served in several campaigns and was wounded (Dec.
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. The fortress (80 acres/32 hectares) was built (1819–34) by the U.S. government on the site of English fortifications erected in 1609 and 1727. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States. Fort Monroe was held by Union forces throughout the Civil War; Jefferson DavisDavis, Jefferson,
1808–89, American statesman, President of the Southern Confederacy, b. Fairview, near Elkton, Ky. His birthday was June 3. Early Life

Davis's parents moved to Mississippi when he was a boy.
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, president of the Confederacy, was imprisoned there from 1865 until 1867. Long a U.S. army coast-artillery post and school, the fort was headquarters of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) from 1973 to 2011, when it was decommissioned as an active military installation. Fort Monroe was designated a national historic landmark in 1960 and a national monument in 2011.

Monroe, Fort:

see Fort MonroeFort Monroe,
SE Va., commanding the entrance to Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads; named for President James Monroe. The fortress (80 acres/32 hectares) was built (1819–34) by the U.S. government on the site of English fortifications erected in 1609 and 1727.
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.
References in classic literature ?
After trying for several days in and near the town of Hampton, I finally secured work in a restaurant at Fortress Monroe. The wages, however, were very little more than my board.
Wilder, the superintendent of the contraband camp at Fortress Monroe, noticed runaways from as far as North Carolina crowding into the camp who "knew all about the Proclamation and they started on the belief in it." When Richard Hill was interviewed by a congressional committee on Reconstruction in 1866, and asked when he became free, Hill replied, "When the proclamation was issued," and it was then that he decided to run away from his master in Richmond.
I did not see much of them at Fortress Monroe. A few were employed in the hospital.
For Secord, the waking nightmare of Gettysburg went on for another three weeks until his transfer on July 29, to Fortress Monroe, Virginia.
But she attributes her greatest praise for McClellan to her "corresponding friend in Fortress Monroe," elsewhere identified as an "official friend"--her brother Wilson Barstow, whose personal letters provided one of the most important sources for her column (2 Oct.
He transferred the 15th and his headquarters to Fortress Monroe when that place became the forward engineer base for Grant's operations in late May.
When the manager of the amendment appealed to the president, Honest Abe responded with this statement: "So far as I know there are no peace commissioners in the City, or likely to be in it." In fact, there were commissioners on the way to confer with him, not headed for "the City" but for Fortress Monroe. Before they arrived the peace rumor evaporated and the amendment passed.
A few months later, the two Baptist groups held the Fortress Monroe Conference, one of several meetings held to settle conflicts concerning which convention should expand their work into the newly opened territories.
1824--The first Army professional school, the Artillery School of Practice, is established May 24 at Fortress Monroe, Va.
In March 1862, Lowe became the first to discover that the Confederates had abandoned their long-held position near Centreville, Virginia, and in April he moved his balloons to Fortress Monroe, Virginia, in support of the Peninsula campaign.
(4) "The Contrabands at Fortress Monroe," Atlantic Monthly (November 1861), 627.
John Partridge described in some detail about having to go back to Fortress Monroe because of bad weather at Hatteras.