kumquat

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kumquat

(kŭm`kwŏt), ornamental shrub of the genus Fortunella of the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
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 family), closely related to the orange and other citrus fruitscitrus fruits,
widely used edible fruits of plants belonging to Citrus and related genera of the family Rutaceae (orange family). Included are the tangerine, citrange, tangelo, orange, pomelo, grapefruit, lemon, lime, citron, and kumquat.
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. It has evergreen leaves, sweet-scented white flowers, and small, orange-yellow edible fruits which are eaten fresh or in preserves. Three or four types of the kumquat, which is probably native to China, are cultivated as house and hedge plants in the Gulf states and in California. They are much hardier than most oranges. The kumquat is also called kinkan. Kumquats are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.
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kumquat

kumquat

Basically an orange the size of a grape. Small shrubby trees grow to 15 ft (5m), sometimes with thorns. Standard citrus leaves (dark glossy smooth green basic pointy shape. White citrus flowers. Orange-yellow grape-sized fruit is eaten whole and raw. The rind is sweet and the juicy inside is sour. Incredibly rich sources of health benefiting dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, flavonoid antioxidants, carotenes, lutein, and pigment anti-oxidants that contribute immensely to our health and wellness. The peel is rich in many essential oils, anti-oxidants, and fiber. Used for collagen synthesis, wound healing; anti-viral, anticancer activity, neuro-degenerative diseases, arthritis, diabetes, removes oxidant free-radicals from the body. Lots of B vitamins for metabolizing carbs, proteins and fats.

Kumquat

 

(genus Fortunella), evergreen fruit trees or shrubs of the family Rutaceae. The leaves are small and dark green. The flowers are white, small, single or in clusters, and perfect. The fruit is up to 2 cm in diameter, round or oval, and yellow-orange in color, with a rind that is smooth, very fragrant, sweet, and edible; the pulp is sweet and acid.

Kumquat is quite frost-resistant (surviving short-term frosts up to 12°C). It grows well in the humid subtropics of the USSR and bears fruit on both acid and slightly alkaline soils. It is native to eastern Asia. There are six species in China, Japan, and on the Malay Archipelago and two species in the USSR (both cultivated)—the Nagami, or oval, kumquat (F. margarita) and the Marumi kumquat (F.japónica). The fruit is used for jams and candied peels. Kumquats are grown as ornamentals and are used in plant breeding for developing frost-resistant forms of citrus fruits. They are propagated by grafting on all species of citrus plants and on Poncirus trifoliata. They are cultivated in the same manner as other citrus crops.

REFERENCES

Ekimov, V. P. Subtropicheskoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.

A. D. ALEKSANDROV

kumquat

[′kəm‚kwät]
(botany)
A citrus shrub or tree of the genus Fortunella in the order Sapindales grown for its small, flame- to orange-colored edible fruit having three to five locules filled with an acid pulp, and a sweet, pulpy rind.

kumquat

, cumquat
1. any of several small Chinese trees of the rutaceous genus Fortunella
2. the small round orange fruit of such a tree, with a sweet rind, used in preserves and confections
References in periodicals archive ?
'Valencia' orange trees grafted on Fortunella hindsii hybrid showed good behavior, reaching sizes between 40 and 50% of the standard (CASTLE; PHILLIPS, 1977).
Anti-influenza A (H2N2) activity was exhibited by the essential oil compounds of Pogostemon cablin [1, 97-99] and the antiviral property of the essential oils obtained from fruits and leaves of Fortunella margarita exhibited potential activity against avian influenza A virus (H5N1) [94].
Gao, Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia Swingle) Peel, Int J.
Southwell: 1.00 Grimes Faith, 1.30 Gayanula, 2.00 Fortunella, 2.30 Trick Or Two, 3.00 Spy Gun, 3.30 First Hand, 4.00 Sarwin.
Gay Kelleway's horses have been a little quiet but she enjoyed a winner at Lingfield on Sunday, and with that in mind there is every chance the lightly-raced Fortunella will be on the mark in the Membership At Southwell Golf Club Handicap.
Gay Kelleway's horses have been a little quiet but she enjoyed a winner at Lingfield on Sunday and with that in mind there is every chance the lightly-raced Fortunella will be on the mark in the Membership At Southwell Golf Club Handicap (12.30).
SOUTHWELL: 12.00 Silent Wonder, 12.30 Fortunella, 1.00 Irish Pearl, 1.30 Soba Jones, 2.00 Monkey Glas, 2.30 PERTEMPS NETWORKS (NAP), 3.00 Varinia, 3.30 Mrs Bun.
Fig (Ficus carica), date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), guava (Psidium guajava), passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), kiwifruit, and citrus (Citrus spp.) of all kinds: oranges (Citrus sinensis), lemons (Citrus limon), grapefruit (Citrus paradisi), limes (Citrus aurantifolia), and kumquats (Fortunella spp.) are subtropical fruits.
There are two types of kumquats, Fortunella japonica and F.margarita, originating from China.
The most familiar member of this group of citrus and citrus relatives is the kumquat (Fortunella)--valued for centuries in China and Japan as holiday decorations and for its fruit.