Fossil Ice

fossil ice

[¦fäs·əl ′īs]
Relatively old ground ice found in regions of permafrost.
Underground ice in regions where present-day temperatures are not low enough to have formed it.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fossil Ice


relict subsurface ice remaining from a past age. In the early 19th century deposits of fossil ice were thought to be the buried remains of Pleistocene glaciers and névé basins. The reason for this was the discovery of the carcasses of mammoths and other extinct animals in the fossil ice in Siberia and Alaska. In the 1950’s it was established that fossil ice can be the analogue of any of the modern genetic types of subsurface ice. Most of the fossil ice was formed during the accumulation and freezing of alluvial loams by the freezing of water in the annually occurring frost clefts of the loam and is known as reveined ice.


Shumskii, P. A. Ocherk istorii issledovaniia podzemnykh I’dov. Yakutsk, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The faunal and archaeological remains were either collected from the silty and icy floors of Tsi-tche-Han Cave and other caverns or extracted from fossil ice plugs.