foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
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References in periodicals archive ?
By acknowledging Foster Parents, family members, volunteers, mentors, policymakers, child welfare professionals, and other members of the community who help children and youth in foster care find permanent homes and connections; SOS Illinois is changing the narrative of the foster care system.
Courts in some jurisdictions, however, have strongly resisted foster parent applications and narrowly construed their parens patriae powers and those of judicial review.
Some foster children who should be in TFC settings wind up in regular foster settings--with inexperienced foster parents.
"Finding foster parents - and other resources - for refugee children is difficult work," said Bishop Michael Olson.
Saycon said that as of last December, 74 children have been processed and are now with 52 licensed foster parents.
They are 'adopted' by volunteers or foster parents who will guide them through their studies until they complete their basic education.
And just like every other parent, foster parents need support, too.
Richard Oden grew up in the foster care system Alabama until being adopted at the age of twelve by his foster parents. Eighteen years later his life came full circle in his words when his wife and he became foster parents themselves to three beautiful children.
The foster parents that come to us work with them, give them that hope and help them make changes.''
Mary Ann LoGiudice in 1988 requested to become a permanent foster parent to a girl, and later her adoptive parent, it may have been the first time in the United States that permanent foster-parenting and adoption by a religious (excluding diocesan priests--see sidebar) occurred.
The Weavers at that point had been foster parents for over a year to two girls, aged seven and three.
Foster parents often step into that void to provide the care and atmosphere of a loving home which is why the story about Stuart and Carol Cock is so remarkable as they have looked after 219 vulnerable children since 1968.