foster care

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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Senate Caucus on Foster Youth holds briefings and events with foster youth and experts to inform Congress and the public about legislation, programs and policies on child welfare.
As a provider of Transitional Age Youth Services, the funding we receive allows us to meet the basic needs of these former foster youth," explains Jeannie Imelio, Executive Director for Aspiranet.
This is something many former foster youth continue to struggle with into their 20s," Jackson said.
Cities can play an important role in providing transitional and affordable housing and promoting work force development through the establishment of targeted job training programs as well as concerted efforts to hire former foster youth.
Friends of the Children has been providing financial aid to college- bound foster youths since it was established in 1979.
A quarter of former foster youth and two-thirds of crossover youth have a jail stay in early adulthood.
It is absolutely vital for government agencies who design and operate the foster care system to create opportunities to receive feedback from foster youth, because often times public policies may have unintended consequences on the ground," Hodge said.
With nearly 35 local businesses already participating, Businesses With Heart partners are benefiting from their alignment with Foster VC Kids; corporate partner Chipotle Mexican Grill has hosted three job fairs and hired more than 10 foster youth in restaurants, Rest for Less donated 16 new beds to foster families, some of whom were affected by the Thomas Fire, and other businesses have seen increased foot traffic, cross-promotions on social media and community recognition for their support of foster children, youth and families.
Congress must continue to work towards policy that helps make adoption a reality for more foster youth.
Foster youth often do not have the same level of financial and emotional support that their peers take for granted, Wolfe said, leaving them more vulnerable to bumps along the road.
Tommy Bailey, a legislative lobbyist in West Virginia for KVC, had said a traditional college environment isn't always the right fit for foster youth because of the support network they require.
Recognizing that 46% of foster youth do not graduate from high school, in August 2013 the Foundation opened Samueli Academy, a free public charter high school for community, underserved and foster teens, located in Santa Ana.

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