Fotii

Fotii

 

(secular name Petr Nikitich Spasskii). Born June 4 (15), 1792, in the pogost (small administrative division) of Spasskoe, in what is now Novgorod Oblast; died Feb. 26 (Mar. 10), 1838, at the Iur’ev Monastery, Novgorod. Russian religious figure.

The son of a d’iachok (a low-ranking church official), Fotii graduated from a seminary in 1814 and took monastic vows in 1817. With the support of Countess A. A. Orlova, he entered the highest circles of St. Petersburg society and was introduced to Alexander I. In 1822 he was elected archimandrite and appointed superior of the Iur’ev Monastery in Novgorod. Associated with A. A. Arakcheev and other reactionaries, Fotii, himself an intolerant zealot, played a significant role in political intrigues and influenced Alexander I and his policies. A. S. Pushkin’s epigram on Fotii, entitled “Half Fanatic, Half Knave,” became famous.

References in periodicals archive ?
(69) LLS 12:115; for a similar composition, see LLS 13:100 (depiction of an angel announcing to Metropolitan Fotii, who later was revered as a saint in Muscovy, his impending death).
In 1410, Metropolitan Fotii took the position that those who died in judicial duels were not entitled to Christian burial.