Four-Horned Antelope


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Four-Horned Antelope

 

(Tetracerus quadricornis), a ruminant of the family Bovidae. The four-horned antelope is a small, slender animal, with a body length reaching 1 m and a tail length of 10–15 cm. It weighs 15–25 kg. The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. The females are hornless. The body is cinnamon brown, with lighter underparts. The legs are white on the inside; the edges of the snout and the outside of the ears are black.

The four-horned antelope is distributed in India, where it is found in sparse forests and near reservoirs. It lives secretively, in pairs or singly. The diet consists of grass and leafy shrubs. Mating occurs in August, and one to three young are born in January or February. The animal is hunted for its valuable horns.

References in periodicals archive ?
The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816) or chowsingha is the smallest solitary Asian herbivore bovid (adult weight 17-22 kg, stands 55-64 cm at the shoulder) endemic to peninsular India and Nepal (Leslie & Sharma 2009); lives in undulating and hilly terrain (Prater 1980, Baskaran et al.
2009: Population distribution and conservation of the four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) in the tropical forest of southern India.
2011: Behavioural ecology of four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis De Blainville, 1816) in the tropical forests of southern India.
2016: Diet of the four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis (De Blainville, 1816) in the Churia hills of Nepal.
2014: Habitat preference of four-horned antelope (Chowsingha), Tetracerus quadricornis in Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan.
2015: A note on the behaviour of four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816 (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Bovidae) in lowland Nepal.
2016: Predicting potential distribution of poorly known species with small database: the case of four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis on the Indian subcontinent.
2013: Understanding the patchy distribution of four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis in a tropical dry deciduous forest in central India.
The leopard, jungle cat, rusty spotted cat, cheetal, sambhar, four-horned antelope, wild boar and hare are also easy to spot here, along with over 200 species of avifauna.
Large herds of spotted deer, sambar, chausingha, the world's only four-horned antelope, and the massive bull antelope, are some mammals that you will encounter.
The languorous pace of the deer, nilgai, four-horned antelope and the langur jumping from tree to tree, is a better balm for your crackling ribs than pills.
The Sariska Tiger Reserve, which is located in Alwar district, is one of the famous national parks of the country and is home to the Bengal tiger, leopard, jungle cat, caracal, striped hyena, olden jackal, chital, sambhar, nilgai, chinkara, four-horned antelope or 'chousingha', wild boar, hare, hanuman langur, and plenty of bird species and reptiles.