Jean Alfred Fournier

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Fournier, Jean Alfred

 

Born May 12, 1832, in Paris; died there Dec. 25, 1914. French physician; a pioneer in the study of syphilis.

Fournier graduated from the University of Paris in 1852; he became a professor in the university’s faculty of medicine in 1863, and head of an independent clinic for cutaneous and venereal diseases in 1880. In his Study of Chancre (1897), written jointly with his teacher P. Ricord, Fournier proved the existence of two different chancres—the hard chancre of syphilis, or true chancre, and the nonsyphilitic venereal sore called chancroid, or soft chancre. In his subsequent works Fournier studied the morphology of syphilitic skin lesions, congenital syphilis, syphilis económica (contracted from infected articles of daily use), syphilis of the internal organs and nervous system, and treatment.

Fournier regarded syphilis as a disease of the entire organism. He showed the syphilitic nature of Bayle’s disease. In 1901 he founded a French society for medical and moral prophylaxis of venereal diseases. Certain skin diseases and symptoms of syphilis—for example, the eruption that is also known as syphilitic roseola—have been named after Fournier.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Sífilis mozga. St. Petersburg, 1881.
Sífilis i brak. Tver’, 1882.
Uchenie o sifilise, fasecs. 1–2. Moscow, 1899.
Uklonenie v razvitii pri nasledstvennom sifilise. St. Petersburg, 1899.
Rukovodstvo k patologii i terapii sifilisa, fasc. 4: Tretichnyi period. St. Petersburg, 1903.
Pozdnii vlorichnyi sifilis. St. Petersburg, 1908.

A. S. RABEN

References in periodicals archive ?
Susan Bersoff-Matcha, the author of the recent study, said, "Fournier gangrene is a rare event.
Thus, the wounds of patients with Fournier gangrene remain open for a long time and require frequent dressing.
Following the surgical resection of Fournier gangrene, VAC treatment is used efficiently as antibiotic or antiseptic dressings and hyperbaric oxygen treatment (5).
Histology of the debrided tissue may reveal the following pathognomonic findings of Fournier gangrene:
Medial thigh fasciocutaneous flaps for reconstruction of the scrotum following Fournier gangrene. Plast Reconstr Surg 2010;125:28e-30ehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181c2a292.
(19) Fournier gangrene is a necrotizing infection that involves the soft tissues of the male genitalia.
Reconstruction of defects after fournier gangrene: A systematic review.
[6.] Jeong HJ, Park SC, Seo IY, et al.: Prognostic factors in Fournier gangrene. Int J Urol 2005;12:1041-1044.
Meleny introduced debridement in patients with fournier gangrene in 1920s this has remained the basis of management of this gangrene today also.