Fox Islands

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Related to Fox Islands: Aleutian Islands

Aleutian Islands

Aleutian Islands (əlo͞oˈshən), chain of rugged, volcanic islands curving c.1,200 mi (1,900 km) west from the tip of the Alaska Peninsula and approaching Russia's Komandorski Islands. A partially submerged continuation of the Aleutian Range, they separate the Bering Sea from the Pacific Ocean. The Aleutians comprise four main groups: Fox Islands, nearest to the mainland, including Unimak, Unalaska, Umnak, and Akutan; Andreanof Islands, including Amlia, Atka, Adak, Kanaga, and Tanaga; Rat Islands, including Amchitka and Kiska; and Near Islands, the smallest and westernmost group, including Agattu and Attu. The Semichi Islands, of which Shemya is the largest, are nearby.

The Aleutians have few good harbors, and numerous reefs make navigation treacherous. Among active volcanoes is Mt. Shishaldin, on Unimak. Relatively moderate temperatures lead to heavy rains and constant fog. Almost treeless, the islands have a luxuriant growth of grasses, bushes, and sedges. Most of the islands are within the Aleutian National Wildlife Reserve. Sheep and reindeer are raised. Hunting and fishing are the main occupations of the Aleut population. Research stations and military bases are located on the islands; Amchitka has been used for underground nuclear tests.

The Aleutians were visited in 1741 by Vitus Bering, a Danish explorer employed by Russia. The indigenous Aleuts were exploited by the Russian trappers and traders who, in search of sea otter, seal, and fox fur, established settlements on the islands in the late 18th and early 19th cent. The islands were included in the Alaska purchase in 1867; after the purchase, the U.S. government forbade seal trapping except by Aleuts. Fishing and fur hunting are now controlled by the federal government. Dutch Harbor, on Unalaska, became a transshipping point for the gold boomtown of Nome in 1900. The Aleutians were important during World War II; in 1940, a U.S. naval base was established at Dutch Harbor, and an army base was established there in 1941. In 1942 the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands; a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka regained them in 1943. The Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument protects sites of events on Attu, Kiska, and Atka islands (see National Parks and Monuments, table). Originally part of the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument (est. 2008), it became a separate unit in 2019.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fox Islands


the easternmost group of the Aleutian Islands. It is located between the Isanotski Strait on the east and the Samalga Pass on the west. The island group includes the islands

Figure 5. Fully automated foundry for lost-wax casting, with an annual output of 2,500 tons

of Unimak, Unalaska, and Umnak; groups of small islands (the Krenitzin Islands); and numerous reefs. The highest point is Shishaldin Volcano, rising to an elevation of 2,860 m (on the island of Unimak). The Fox Islands were discovered in 1759–62 by the Russian navigator S. Glotov. Their name is associated with the abundance of foxes on the islands at that time.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As reported on the Fox Islands Wind website (http://www.foxislands, a for-profit firm had to be formed to take advantage of the tax credits.
George Baker, a seasonal resident of Frenchboro Island who is also on the faculty of the Harvard Business School, to complete a preliminary economic analysis for the cooperative as well as a financial model suggesting how the island communities might finance a local wind-power project by finding a tax equity investor and by selling power and renewable energy credits via the Fox Islands Co-op's submarine cable.
Because such a tax investment was not available to the nonprofit Fox Islands Electric Cooperative, a separate for-profit Fox Islands Wind LLC (FIW) was formed to take advantage of the tax credits, with Baker selected as CEO.
The Fox Islands wind project is moving forward and setting an example that is stimulating the development of other coastal community wind projects.