Fox sisters

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Fox sisters,

family of American spiritualists including Margaret, 1836–93, Leah, 1814–90, and Catherine, 1841–92. In 1848, Margaret and Catherine claimed to hear mysterious rappings in their Arcadia, N.Y., home. Claiming the sounds to be communication from spirits, the sisters became the founders and most famous seers of 19th-cent, American spiritualism, which claimed about 1 million followers by 1855. They moved to Rochester, N.Y., and the rappings followed them. They organized "performances" in theaters to which they charged admission, attracting attention and skepticism. Since spiritualist mediums were one of the few professional groups in which women outnumbered men, some clergy attacked them and other female mediums. Horace Greeley and Robert Owen publically defended their claims. In 1888, Margaret admitted that the effects were fraudulent, but later recanted her admission. In recent years, a number of feminist historians have lauded such efforts by women at spiritual leadership. See spiritismspiritism
or spiritualism,
belief that the human personality continues to exist after death and can communicate with the living through the agency of a medium or psychic.
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See A. Braude, Radical Spirits: Spiritualism and Women's Rights in 19th Century America (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
There's also more bad news for Kat, although on the plus side she does share a kiss with Alfie, while the Fox sisters get a call from the bailiffs just as Kim comes face-to-face with Vincent.
Phil has unwelcome news for Lola, and Ian tries to bring the Fox sisters back together; BBC News; Regional News.
EASTENDERS Tue, Thur, Fri BBC1 Even with the Fox sisters Denise and Kim dressed as a particularly sexy Catwoman and a saucy Wonder Woman, will Walford be from evil this Halloween?
It is not surprising, then, when McGarry begins with the mediation metaphor of the "spiritual telegraph," reminding us of the innovative nature of Spiritualist practices, which spread like wildfire by way of the famed Fox sisters from the burned-over district of upstate New York into salons and drawing rooms across white middle-class America.
Home, the Fox Sisters, Florence Cook, Madame Blavatsky, Henry Slade, Leonora Piper, Eusapia Palladino, Rosina Thompson, and Helene Smith and skeptics John Tyndall, Hereward Carrington, and the Seybert Commission.
99) returns the fabulous fox sisters to readers with a fresh new story of sisters.
The Fox sisters eventually became "mediums" in the Spiritualist movement, whose followers believed the rappings to be messages from the dead.
Recently three books have been published on the Fox sisters, suddenly filling in a gap of three decades since the last substantial biography of the Foxes appeared.
Barbara Weisberg follows a long line of writers who have sought to provide the truest account of the famous (perhaps infamous) Fox sisters, and the development of the religion that they helped establish--Spiritualism.
Cases such as those of supposed clairvoyant Leonide Pigeaire and the Fox Sisters did much to construct and maintain ideas of psychic functioning and of the validity of certain explanatory concepts, namely, animal magnetism and communication with the dead.
They run through the whole history of psychical research--from the Fox sisters to Eusapia Palladino, to more recent figures.