Fox sisters


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Fox sisters,

family of American spiritualists including Margaret, 1836–93, Leah, 1814–90, and Catherine, 1841–92. In 1848, Margaret and Catherine claimed to hear mysterious rappings in their Arcadia, N.Y., home. Claiming the sounds to be communication from spirits, the sisters became the founders and most famous seers of 19th-cent, American spiritualism, which claimed about 1 million followers by 1855. They moved to Rochester, N.Y., and the rappings followed them. They organized "performances" in theaters to which they charged admission, attracting attention and skepticism. Since spiritualist mediums were one of the few professional groups in which women outnumbered men, some clergy attacked them and other female mediums. Horace Greeley and Robert Owen publically defended their claims. In 1888, Margaret admitted that the effects were fraudulent, but later recanted her admission. In recent years, a number of feminist historians have lauded such efforts by women at spiritual leadership. See spiritismspiritism
or spiritualism,
belief that the human personality continues to exist after death and can communicate with the living through the agency of a medium or psychic.
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.

Bibliography

See A. Braude, Radical Spirits: Spiritualism and Women's Rights in 19th Century America (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
Northern Democrats started organizing against pro-slavery domination of their party in the late 1840s, just as the Fox sisters went public.
There's also more bad news for Kat, although on the plus side she does share a kiss with Alfie, while the Fox sisters get a call from the bailiffs just as Kim comes face-to-face with Vincent.
HEARD BY THE FOX SISTERS TOGETHER WITH FAMILY AND GATHERED COMMUNITY THE
Phil has unwelcome news for Lola, and Ian tries to bring the Fox sisters back together; BBC News; Regional News.
And it all happens in that golden age of stage and spiritualist fakery, that late nineteenth century when the table-tapping Fox sisters ruled supreme
EASTENDERS Tue, Thur, Fri BBC1 Even with the Fox sisters Denise and Kim dressed as a particularly sexy Catwoman and a saucy Wonder Woman, will Walford be from evil this Halloween?
It is not surprising, then, when McGarry begins with the mediation metaphor of the "spiritual telegraph," reminding us of the innovative nature of Spiritualist practices, which spread like wildfire by way of the famed Fox sisters from the burned-over district of upstate New York into salons and drawing rooms across white middle-class America.
Salerni (iUniverse, 978-0-595-42350-7) stars the Fox sisters of upstate New York, originators of the mid-nineteenth century Spiritualist phenomenon.
Phineas Quimby, Emmanuel Swedenborg, the Fox sisters, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Helena Blavatsky comprise the historical period from 1812 to 1860.
Home, the Fox Sisters, Florence Cook, Madame Blavatsky, Henry Slade, Leonora Piper, Eusapia Palladino, Rosina Thompson, and Helene Smith and skeptics John Tyndall, Hereward Carrington, and the Seybert Commission.
99) returns the fabulous fox sisters to readers with a fresh new story of sisters.
As Chapin notes, the Fox sisters exploited the spiritualist movements that were appearing at that time.