Foxe, Luke

Fox, Luke

Fox or Foxe, Luke, 1586–1635, English explorer. As a master mariner, he set forth in 1631 to hunt for the Northwest Passage. He explored the southern shore of Hudson Bay, satisfied himself that there was no passage through it, and when scurvy struck his crew returned that same year to England. His Northwest Fox; or, Fox from the North-West Passage was published in 1635 (ed. by R. M. Christy, 1894). He gave many names to geographical features that are still used today; Foxe Basin and Foxe Peninsula were named after him. At about the time that Fox was in Hudson Bay, Thomas James was also conducting a search there for the Northwest Passage.
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Foxe, Luke


(also Fox). Born Oct. 20, 1586, in Hull; died 1635 in Whitby. English navigator.

Having received a commission to search for the Northwest Passage, Foxe set sail on the King Charles in 1631. He reached the northwestern corner of Hudson Bay before turning south. He discovered Roes Welcome Sound, established that Southampton was an island, and explored the western and southern shores of the Hudson Bay to 55°10′ N lat. He then sailed north along the strait between Baffin Island and the mainland until he reached 66°35′ N lat. A channel and a basin in the Canadian Arctic archipelago have been named after Foxe, as well as a peninsula and a cape on Baffin Island.


Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe of Hull and Captain Thomas James of Bristol in Search of a North West Passage, vols. 1–2. London, 1894. (Works issued by the Hakluyt Society, vols. 88–89.)


Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkryliia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.