Fréchet, Maurice-René

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fréchet, Maurice-René


Born Sept. 2, 1878, in Maligny; died June 4, 1973, in Paris. French mathematician.

Fréchet was a professor at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1927 and at the University of Paris from 1928 to 1949. His principal works deal with topology and functional analysis; he introduced the modern abstract concepts of metric space, compactness, and completeness. Contributions were also made by him to probability theory.

Fréchet became a member of the Netherlands Academy of Sciences in 1950 and the Institut de France in 1956 and was a member of many French and foreign scientific societies, including the Moscow Mathematical Society.


Sur Quelques Points de calcul fonctionnel. Paris, 1906.
Les Espaces abstraits et leur théorie concidérée comme introduction à l’analyse générale. Paris, 1928.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.