Girolamo Fracastoro

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Fracastoro, Girolamo

 

Born 1478 in Verona; died there Aug. 8, 1553. Italian Renaissance physician, astronomer, and poet.

In 1502, Fracastoro graduated from the university in Padua and subsequently became a professor there. His first scientific works dealt with geology (the history of the earth), geography, optics (light refraction), astronomy (observation of the moon and stars), philosophy, and psychology. In 1530 he published the scientific didactic poem Syphilis sive morbus Gallicus (Syphilis, or the French Disease), from which the disease received its name.

In his major work, De contagione et contagiosis morbis et curatione (On Contagion, Contagious Diseases, and Treatment; 1546), which has been repeatedly reprinted in many countries, Fracastoro presented his theory for the nature, transmission, and treatment of contagious diseases. He described three pathways of infection: (1) through direct contact, (2) through objects known as fomites, (3) over a distance, by way of imperceptible seeds of contagion, which he called seminaria. According to Fracastoro, an infection has a material basis (“contagion is corporal”). Fracastoro was the first to use the term “infection” in the medical sense. He described smallpox, measles, bubonic plague, consumption, rabies, leprosy, and typhus. In the development of his views of the contagious nature of infections, he partially retained (in regard to syphilis) earlier concepts of the transmission of these diseases through a miasma.

Fracastoro’s works laid the foundations for epidemiology and the clinical treatment of infectious diseases.

WORKS

Opera omnia. Venice, 1584.
In Russian translation:
O kontagii, kontagioznykh bolezniakh i lechenii, fascs. 1–3. Introductory article by P. E. Zabludovskii. Moscow, 1954.
O sifilise. Moscow, 1956.

P. E. ZABLUDOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
33) Carrara had indeed drawn from Gambara, and both Carrara and Gambara knew Fracastoro and Peter Martyr, but the Spanish prose sources which would inform the De invento novo orbe were not available to them.
como se decia- (30), surgio 49 anos antes en el poema escrito por el medico y poeta genoves Girolamo Fracastoro (1478-1553) donde el pastor Syphilus o Sifilo contrajo la susodicha enfermedad como castigo por haber dejado de ofrendar al rey Sol (19), y a partir de 1646, se iba a establecer la "sinonimia perfecta" entre lues venerea y sifilis que, por sus raices griegas, significaria ademas "amor de prostituta", "amor impuro", "amor doloso", "enfermedad que causa deformidad", "enfermedad repugnante", "enfermedad originada por bestialismo" (9.
Mario Girolamo Fracastoro born; an Italian astronomer; Director of the Catania Observatory 1956-'68; Director of the Pinto Torinese observatory; studied solar physics.
However, Italian physician and poet Girolamo Fracastoro was the first man to use the word "syphilis" in 1530 in a Latin poem.
Not until the Renaissance, in the decades around 1500, was the theory of miasma expanded to include the idea that healthy persons could be infected by touching infected persons or objects contaminated by them with miasma (fomites), the Fracastoro miasmatic-contagionistic theory of cross-infection and epidemic spread (1-6).
Un mago italiano como Fracastoro (1478-1553), es considerado el padre de la moderna epidemiologia y el primero en denominar a la <<sifilis>> con ese nombre.
Il dedicatario delle Navigazioni, Girolamo Fracastoro, celebre fisico veronese, medico di Carlo V e del Concilio di Trento, legato a Ramusio, di cui e il piu stretto interlocutore scientifico, da profonda amicizia, non nasconde il proprio stupore e la propria ammirazione di fronte alla quantita e qualita di relazioni e documenti che il segretario va accumulando.
Sixteen years after penning this edifying epic, Fracastoro advanced the spore theory of epidemic disease, arguing that these vaguely defined entities can transmit infection through direct or indirect contact.
Integrando a coleccao "Les Classiques de l'Humanisme", as Belles Lettres acabam de editar, em texto e traducao, o celebre poema didactico de Jeronimo Fracastoro (1476-1553) cuja fama derivou nao apenas da sua indiscutivel qualidade literaria, mas igualmente do facto de a ele se ter ficado a dever a fixacao do nome duma doenca cujas designacoes, nomeadamente as de indole regional, eram constrangedoramente controversas.
Pero los animales tambien ocasionan perjuicios, y a Covarrubias le preocupan sobre todo aquellos seres que pueden provocar danos en las cosechas y en los ganados, y no tanto los transmisores de enfermedades, por cuanto durante esta epoca aun no habia arraigado la idea de que eran los germenes presentes en determinados animales los propagadores de las mismas, expresada por primera vez por Girolamo Fracastoro en su De contagionibus et contagiosis morbis, libri tres (1546) (62).
DE CONTAGIO, SEMILLAS E INFECCION: DESDE LA DESMITIFICACION DE FRACASTORO HASTA LOS PADRES DE LA MICROBIOLOGIA
De hecho, el nombre de sifilis proviene de un personaje, el pastor Siphylo, del poema Syphilis sive morbusgallicus --<<Sifilis o la enfermedad francesa>>--(1530) del eminente veneciano Girolamo Fracastoro, quien anos mas tarde recomendaria las <<mercuriales>> para aliviar el mal .