France Preseren

Prešeren, France

 

Born Dec. 3, 1800, in Vrba; died Feb. 8, 1849, in Kranj. Slovenian poet.

Prešeren graduated from the University of Vienna and worked as a lawyer. He began publishing in 1827. A representative of progressive romanticism, he paved the way for the development of realism and brought Slovenian poetry to the level of European literature. He utilized genres and literary forms new for Slovenian poetry: sonnets, ghazals, romantic epic poems, such as The Baptism by the Savica (1836), and ballads, including “Rozamunda of Turija” and “The Water Sprite.” His cycle A Garland of Sonnets (1834) is marked by refined virtuosity. The poem “Words of Praise” (1844), a revolutionary and democratic appeal, expresses faith in the liberation of the Slovenes and the idea of friendship among peoples. Prešeren was one of the founders of the Slovenian literary language.

WORKS

Zbrano delo, books 1–2. Ljubljana, 1965–66.
Poezije doktorja Franceta Preserna in dodatek njegovih pesnitev ter privejenih ljudskih pesmi. [Ljubljana, 1966.]
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1955 [Foreword by S. Urban.]
Lirika. Moscow, 1971 [Foreword by A. Slodniak.]

REFERENCES

Kidrič, F. Prešeren: 1800–1838. Ljubljana, 1938.
Kos, J. Prešernov pesniŝki razvoj. Ljubljana, 1966.
Kos, J. Prešeren in evropska romantika. Ljubljana, 1970.

M. I. RYZHOVA

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References in periodicals archive ?
France Preseren (1800-1849)--the first and, according to the general belief, the greatest Slovenian classic writer--himself connected his poetry writing with nation-building efforts.
They cover remembering the dead: contexts of cultural sainthood, a historical perspective on commemorative cults of poets and writers, a dynamic model of the canonization of cultural saints, canonizing a paradigmatic cultural saint: Slovenian Romantic France Preseren (1800-49), and postulators of the memory of J nas Hallgrimsson (1807-45) in Iceland.
The choir of the Slovenian Association France Preseren from Skopje, under the baton of Tomislav Sopov sang the National Anthems of Slovenia and Macedonia.
By 9 pm, having recovered sufficiently from the meal to attempt locomotion, I made my way back through Preseren, stopping at the statue of France Preseren that sits in the plaza.
France Preseren, Slovenia's national poet, never married, and was furthermore intimate with several non-Slovene women over the course of his life.
For one of these collections, an innovative paraphrase of the famous Arabic tales entitled 1001 stih (1983; Verse 1,001), the author received the highest literary recognition in Slovenia: the Preseren Award, named in honor of France Preseren, the romantic founder of modern Slovenian poetry.
France Preseren could well have been Burns's mirror image - they both wrote verse in their native vernacular and were both writing stars of the eighteenth century .
An expressionist tour of the life of Slovenia's pre-eminent Romantic poet France Preseren, "A Portrait of a Poet With a Double" is an atmospheric biopic cut down from the TV miniseries "Preseren." Director Franci Slak ("When I Close My Eyes") sensitively explores Preseren the man, reducing the public part of his life to nearly nothing.
In the attempt to describe the contemporary poetic development, one must recall the name France Preseren (1800-1849), the leading representative of Romanticism, a poet who, with his breathtaking and artistically perfected poetry--especially love sonnets--revolutionised Slovenian poetry by introducing a number of Romantic forms.
The choir of the Slovenian France Preseren Association from Skopje, under the baton of Tomislav Sopov, sang the national anthems of Slovenia and Macedonia.
From the nineteenth century on, writers like France Preseren, Ivan Cankar, and Edvard Kocbek served as creators, conservators, and transmitters of Slovene identity, and their names and likenesses are prominent on street signs, public monuments, and currency.
The numerous guests included several ministers, deputy ministers, state secretaries, and other government officials, mayors, representatives of the opposition political parties, ambassadors and other representatives of the diplomatic corps and international organizations, businessmen, culture figures, religious officials, NGO representatives, the presidents and members of all three Slovenian associations in Macedonia (France Preseren of Skopje, Triglav of Bitola and the Slovenian Centre of Skopje), Honorary Consul Mihajlo Mojsov, Slovenian officers and soldiers contrubuting to KFOR, and many Slovenians who live and work in Macedonia.

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