Francis Drake

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Drake, Francis

 

Born circa 1540, in Tavistock, Devonshire County; died Jan. 28, 1596, near Porto Bello, Panama. English navigator, one of “Queen Elizabeth’s pirates,” vice admiral (1588).

Drake was prominent in the English-Spanish struggle for the colonies in the 16th century. In 1567 he participated in J. Hawkins’ naval expedition, undertaken to capture the ships of Spanish slavetraders and to pillage the Spanish possessions in the West Indies. Later he made other piratical expeditions to the West Indies. In 1577, Drake sailed from Plymouth with a squadron of five ships to pillage the Pacific coast of the American possessions of Spain. He sailed through the Magellan Strait, explored the western shores of North America as far as 48° N lat., crossed the Pacific Ocean, sailed past the Molucca Islands, and returned to Plymouth in 1580 with enormous spoils. This was the second trip around the world after Magellan’s. In 1587, Drake made a surprise raid on Cadiz and destroyed the ships that were being prepared for the attack of the “invincible” Armada on England. Next year he was the actual commander of the English fleet during the rout of the Armada. Drake died during one of his plundering expeditions, undertaken in 1595.

The strait connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans between Tierra del Fuego and the South Shetland Islands has been named after Drake.

REFERENCES

Magidovich, I. P. Ocherki po istorii geograficheskikh otkrytii. Moscow, 1967.
Benson, E. F. Sir Francis Drake. London, 1927.
Williamson, J. A. The Age of Drake. London, 1938.

A. S. SAMOILO

References in periodicals archive ?
Bodanza explained the history of slavery, the abolitionist movement, and the remarkable life of Frances Drake to the children of the BGCFL.
Frances Drake, along with other local women, organized lectures and circulated petitions to promote the abolitionist movement.
Local historian, trial lawyer and author Mark Bodanza presents his latest book chronicling the true story of Leominster's Frances Drake and the antislavery movement.
LEOMINSTER - The Drake House will have a second chance, as the Leominster Historical Society and the city plan to partner in saving the onetime home of abolitionist Frances Drake. The house is on the National Register of Historic Places.
"Nobody knows who Frances Drake was, but if you look at the historical value between the two, (Drake and Chapman) it's like comparing a hundred dollar bill to a nickel.
He described the home as "a little gem" where Frances Drake lived and entertained such well-known abolitionists as Frederick Douglass.
CUTLINE: From the left, Linda Pinder, trustee of the Leominster Historical Society, Mark Bodanza, one of the directors, and member Sandra Ricker Angelini (dressed as abolitionist Frances Drake) stand in front of the Drake House in Leominster last winter.
From left are David Bodanza, as Judge Thomas Russell; Jerry Bell as a bystander; Simon Adu as Shadrach Minkins; Nancy Bell as Frances Drake and Mark Bodanza as Jonathan Drake.
16, 1851, Frances Drake welcomed Shadrach Minkins, a fugitive slave, to the parlor of her home at 21 Franklin St.