Abstract: This article analyzes three works by Francesco Berni
in order to reevaluate the place of his burlesque poetry in the broader vernacular lyric tradition.
In particular, this contribution analyzes Galileo's long poem Capitolo contro il portar la toga ('Against the Donning of the Gown'), written by the great scientist in Dante's terza rima but in the parodie spirit of Francesco Berni
's poetry and Ludovico Ariosto's Satires, mocking the custom of professors at the University of Pisa of wearing the academic gown.
Away from the papal court but close to it in spirit as we shall see, the Ferrarese Francesco Berni
dedicated to Matilda one out of five lives in his De gli eroi della Casa d'Este (1640).
For example, anyone writing on Francesco Berni
in his context in Rome in the 1520s, as Antonio Santosuosso does in his 'Society in Disarray', should know Anne Reynolds' Renaissance Humanism at the Court of Clement VII (New York, 1997).
(52) The word ends Francesco Berni
's long, derisive description of the Archbishop of Florence, Andrea Buondelmonti, which sarcastically imagines Michelangelo using the man as a model in 1533-34; "Whenever Buonarroto / paints Lent and hunger, / they say he wants to portray this carcass.
I shall give a few more examples, with the titles, and a summary indication of the content: Section II 'La satira dialettale nella Firenze del Quattrocento e la tradizione rusticale' includes La Nencia; Burchiello; Luigi Pulci; Francesco Berni
; Michelangelo Buonarroti il Giovane.
Besides youthful satirical verse in the manner of Francesco Berni
, Della Casa produced lyrical poems in a majestic style and several political works, such as Orazioni politiche (1707; "Political Discourses"), in which he expressed his sorrow for the calamities of Italy.
(9) In tale luce, non e un caso che il passo finisse per sedimentare nella mente estrosa di un altro satirico, Francesco Berni
, il quale lo riproponeva negli stessi anni all'interno del suo Dialogo contra i poeti:
But Michelangelo's fellow poet Francesco Berni
praised him for just the opposite, taunting orthodox Petrarchists, "You say words, but he says things." Michelangelo was concerned above all with things - with tangible ideas about grave issues.
Drawing upon his findings, the following essay, by Andrea Masini, provides a linguistic analysis of the capitoli, concentrating mainly, as a result of the unreliability of the textual tradition, on lexical aspects, and noting Casa's debt to the Florentine burlesque tradition, and in particular to Francesco Berni
. Pointing out the great lexical divergence between Casa's comic and serious verse, he discusses Casa's mastery of a low, comic register, with its predilection for humble, everyday objects, and sexual innuendo.
Among the contemporaries named in Bronzino's poems are Pier Francesco Ricci, Cosimo's majordomo and secretary, the woodworker Giovan Battista Tasso, the poets Francesco Berni
, Giovanni Della Casa, and Benedetto Varchi, Ciano, a perfume maker, and Giovanni Mazzuoli (also known as Lo Stradino).
Thus Francesco Berni
in his Capitolo di Papa Adriano: "Look at these people, look at this Court!