Francesco Berni


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Berni, Francesco

 

Born circa 1497, in Lamporecchio, Val di Nievole; died May 26, 1535, in Florence. Italian poet and satirist.

In his free adaptation of M. Boiardo’s narrative poem Orlando In Love, Berni spoke out against the invaders of Italy. By lowering the heroic element he ridiculed the fantastic characters of the chivalric romances. Berni created a unique genre of parody which came to be called the bernesco. In his satires, written in terza rima (the so-called capitoli), Berni wrote in an elevated style about prosaic everyday objects, piling up contradictory images in the spirit of baroque poetry. Berni was the originator of the genre of the mock-heroic epic poem, which was developed in literature during the 17th and 18th centuries. In his satirical sonnets he attacked popes, tyrants, and hypocrites.

WORKS

Poesie e prose. Genoa-Florence, 1934.
In Russian translation:
Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCE

De Sanktis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1963–64.

I. N. GOLENISHCHEV-KUTUZOV

References in periodicals archive ?
9) In tale luce, non e un caso che il passo finisse per sedimentare nella mente estrosa di un altro satirico, Francesco Berni, il quale lo riproponeva negli stessi anni all'interno del suo Dialogo contra i poeti:
Per meglio spiegare questo aspetto, varra la pena di ricorrere a un altro testo degli stessi anni, il Capitolo primo della peste di Francesco Berni (1532), piccolo capolavoro di comicita fondato sull'elogio del morbo come "tempo felice" che restituisce gli uomini e le cose ad una condizione primigenia:</p> <pre>
10) Francesco Berni, Poesie e prose, criticamente curate da Ezio Chibrboli (Geneve: Olschki, 1934) 272-73.
But Michelangelo's fellow poet Francesco Berni praised him for just the opposite, taunting orthodox Petrarchists, "You say words, but he says things.
Among the contemporaries named in Bronzino's poems are Pier Francesco Ricci, Cosimo's majordomo and secretary, the woodworker Giovan Battista Tasso, the poets Francesco Berni, Giovanni Della Casa, and Benedetto Varchi, Ciano, a perfume maker, and Giovanni Mazzuoli (also known as Lo Stradino).
The inclusion of Bronzino's works in the second Giunti anthology, which includes numerous poems by Francesco Berni as well as a selection of works by Francesco Maria Molza, Giovanni Francesco Bini, Lodovico Martelli, Mattio Francesi, Pietro Aretino, and Benedetto Varchi, establishes the painter as a significant burlesque poet.
Thus Francesco Berni in his Capitolo di Papa Adriano: "Look at these people, look at this Court
De Franciscus et de Maitre Pasquin, ou de quelques lieux mal explores du Capitolo di Papa Adriano de Francesco Berni.