Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi


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Guerrazzi, Francesco Domenico

 

Born Aug. 12, 1804, in Livorno; died Sept. 23, 1873, near Cecina. Italian romantic novelist, active in the Revolution of 1848-49, and a moderate bourgeois democrat.

During the revolution, Guerrazzi became a minister in the Tuscany government in October 1848. After the overthrow of the monarchy in Tuscany (Feb. 8, 1849) he was a member of the triumvirate (Guerrazzi, Montanelli, and Mazzoni). On Mar. 28, 1849, the constituent assembly of Tuscany proclaimed Guerrazzi a dictator; while in power, he held to a moderate course. Guerrazzi’s government was overthrown following a counterrevolutionary mutiny on Apr. 11-12, 1849. Guerrazzi was imprisoned in a fortress and later banished from Tuscany. On returning home after the victory of the 1859 uprising, Guerrazzi played a prominent role in the Mazzini workers’ societies of Tuscany.

Guerrazzi’s most popular novels were The Battle of Be-nevento (1827-28), The Siege of Florence (1836; Russian translation in two volumes, 1934-35), and Beatrice Cenci (1854; Russian translation, 1863). His historical novel The Siege of Florence played an important role in developing the liberal patriotic Risorgimento ideology. His memoirs (1848) devoted to Mazzini and his Apologia (1851), which expounds his political views, are of considerable interest.

WORKS

Opere, vols. 1-15. Milan, 1859-67.
Lettere, vols. 1-2. Edited by G. Carducci. Livorno, 1880-82.

REFERENCES

Friche, V. Istoriia ital’ianskoiliteratury 19 v., part 1. Moscow, 1916. De Sanctis, F. Saggie scritti critici e vari, 2nd [ed.], vol. 2. Milan [1941].

N. B. TO MASHEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi nella storia politica e culturale del Risorgimento.
Complementing the first two essays, Carlo Matteo Mossa provides another rare view into the early stages of Verdi's compositional process with a discussion of Verdi's unrealized intentions to set an opera based on Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi's novel L'assedio di Firenze (The Siege of Florence).
Ragusa also surveys a number of other historical novels authored by Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi, Tommaso Grossi, Cesare Cantu, Massimo D'Azeglio, Ippolito Nievo, and Giuseppe Rovani, before assessing the decline of the genre at the turn of the century.