Francesco Guicciardini

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Francesco Guicciardini
BirthplaceFlorence, Republic of Florence
Historian, statesman
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guicciardini, Francesco


Born Mar. 6, 1483, in Florence; died May 22, 1540, in Arcetri. Italian historian, humanist philosopher, and statesman. From 1511 to 1514 ambassador of Florence in Spain and from 1516 to 1534 successively papal governor in Modena, Romagna, and Bologna.

In the History of Italy (written in 1537-40), Guicciardini presented the history not of the separate Italian states but of the entire country as a whole, and he advocated the national and state unification of Italy. The basic propellant of history he held to be the selfish motivations of individuals. Being an ideologist of the early bourgeoisie, he developed an ethical doctrine of advantage as the basis of mutual utility; believing in the necessity of adapting to circumstances, he considered the use of any means entirely admissible for the attainment of political ends, and he was guided by this principle in his actions. Guicciardini was a partisan of oligarchic-republican rule and an adversary of popular participation in government (Dialogue on the Governing of Florence, written in 1525). He argued for the comprehensive development of the individual, who, as he saw it, found himself surrounded by constant cyclical social change. He was an opponent of astrology; in his works he criticized monastic hypocrisy, the papacy, and the church and offered a scheme for replacing religion with mutual relations of neighborly advantage (Political and Civil Notes, written in 1525-29, carefully concealed by him, and published in 1576).


Opere. Milan-Naples [1953].
Carteggi … , vols. 1-13. Milan, 1938-68.
In Russian translation:
Soch. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.


Samarkin, V. V. “K voprosu o formirovanii politicheskikh vzgliadov F. Gvichchardini.” Vestnik Moscovskogo un-ta, 1960, no. 5, series 9, Iistoricheskie nauki.
Rutenburg, V. I. “Gvichchardini.” In the collection Ital’ianskoe Vozrozhdenie. [Leningrad] 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along the way, Fletcher adduces testimony from many of Renaissance Florence's favorite commentators, from Benvenuto Cellini to Francesco Guicciardini. But there are new and unfamiliar voices, too, dug out of a number of lesser-known sources and a wide array of Italian archives.
On the basis of the above-mentioned criteria, I selected three authors whose epistolary languages I compared to that of Michelangelo: Baccio Bandinelli, Giorgio Vasari, and Francesco Guicciardini.
Celenza makes much of the comment of Machiavelli's friend and sparring partner, Francesco Guicciardini, that Machiavelli was contraria professions.
O primeiro volume inclui Herodoto, Tucidides, Polibio, Tito Livio, Tacito, Flavio Josefo, Lorenzo Valla, Francesco Guicciardini, Jean Bodin, Giambattista Vico, Johann G.
(63) It was Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540), historian and statesman, and also a practicing jurist, who defended the law from the charges of those who found the variety of legal opinions reprehensible with the emphatic assertion that "general rules cannot possibly comprehend all particular cases." (64) For practicing jurists the very wealth of citations the humanists deplored was assurance that justice came into play somehow.
Outstanding here however is a superb table with the arms of Francesco Guicciardini and his wife, Maria Salviati, made by Fra Damiano da Bergamo in Bologna when Guicciardini was Governor of the city between 1530 and 1534 (Fig.
Weaver; "Francesco Guicciardini: From the Estratti Savonaroliani to the 'Particulare,'" by Carlo Celli; "Ri-tratto: Process and Image in Il libro del cortegiano," by Kristin Phillips; "'A guisa di eco': strategie di costrizione del femminile nel Dialogo della cura familiare di Sperone Speroni," by Andrea Baldi; "'Said the Pen to the Brush ...': Examining Boschini's Literary Coquetry," by Glenn P.
"Nothing is more precious than friends," observed Francesco Guicciardini; "therefore, lose no opportunity to make them.
I was behind and fell farther behind after Peter went to Florence, met Conte Guicciardini and wrote Francesco Guicciardini (Boston: Twayne, 1976, 160 pp.) on the Count's inlaid table in his library given to his ancestor by Clement VII.