franchise

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franchise,

in government, a right specifically conferred on a group or individual by a government, especially the privilege conferred by a municipality on a corporation of operating public utilities, such as electricity, telephone, and bus services. Franchises may not be revoked without the consent of the grantee unless so stipulated in the contract. They may, however, be forfeited by the grantee's violation of terms, and the government may take back granted rights by eminent domain proceedings with tender of just compensation. Franchise provisions usually include tenure; compensation to the grantor; the services, rates, and extensions; labor and strike regulations; capitalization; and reversion to the grantor.

The term franchise also refers to a type of business in which a group or individual receives a license from a corporation to conduct a commercial enterprise. Corporate franchises enable a franchisee to market a well-known product or service in return for an initial fee and a percentage of gross receipts. The franchiser usually provides assistance with merchandising and advertising. Major franchise networks, which have grown rapidly in the United States since the 1960s, include fast-food restaurants, gasoline stations, motels, automobile dealerships, and real-estate agencies, and the system has expanded into many other fields.

In politics, the franchise is the right conferred on an individual to vote. In the United States, the states, with some restrictions by the U.S. Constitution, govern the qualifications of voters. By the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments, states were forbidden to deny suffrage to male residents over 21 years of age "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The Nineteenth Amendment conferred suffrage upon women, and the Twenty-sixth Amendment lowered the voting age to 18. See votingvoting,
method of registering collective approval or disapproval of a person or a proposal. The term generally refers to the process by which citizens choose candidates for public office or decide political questions submitted to them.
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Bibliography

See C. Williamson, American Suffrage from Property to Democracy, 1760–1860 (1960, repr. 1968); C. L. Vaughn, Franchising (1974).

franchise

1. the right to vote, esp for representatives in a legislative body; suffrage
2. any exemption, privilege, or right granted to an individual or group by a public authority, such as the right to use public property for a business
3. Commerce authorization granted by a manufacturing enterprise to a distributor to market the manufacturer's products
4. the full rights of citizenship
5. Films a film that is or has the potential to be part of a series and lends itself to merchandising
References in periodicals archive ?
At the beginning of the official video, Dem Franchize Boyz while dancing on top of the roof of The Poole Palace, their arms are suspended in the air as they dance in a line with So Def founder Jermaine Dupri.
This sentiment is essentially what Dem Franchize Boyz are attempting to convey by constantly flashing money.
The FranchiZe Profile actually predicts the statistical probability of success--pure and simple.
The FranchiZe Profile not only tells you if a candidate is likely to succeed, it weighs each measured characteristic to indicate the areas in which a candidate may need improvement.
The FranchiZe Profile has been an excellent investment for us.
Even if the FranchiZe Profile only told you how a candidate would perform, you would be ahead of the game.
Army Concert Tour DATE INSTALLATION STATE GENRE ARTISTS 2-Jun-06 FORT KNOX KY Country Big & Rich Cowboy Troy 24-Jun-06 ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD Classic Rock Lynyrd Skynyrd 3 Doors Down 4-Jul-06 FORT SILL OK Country Dierks Bentley Craig Morgan Jason Aldean 15-Jul-06 FORT BRAGG NC Hip Hop Dem Franchize Boyz LeToya Cherish Cheri Dennis Young Dro and more