Crick, Francis Harry Compton

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Crick, Francis Harry Compton,

1916–2004, English scientist, grad. University College, London, and Caius College, Cambridge. Crick was trained as a physicist, and from 1940 to 1947 he served as a scientist in the admiralty, where he designed circuitry for naval mines. At Cambridge after 1947, he trained and did research in biology. He was a visiting lecturer at several institutions in the United States including Brooklyn Polytechnic (1953–54), Harvard (1959), Univ. of Rochester (1959), and Johns Hopkins school of medicine (1960). Crick shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Maurice WilkinsWilkins, Maurice Hugh Frederick,
1916–2004, British biophysicist, b. New Zealand, Ph.D. Univ. of Birmingham, 1940. He conducted research at the Univ. of St. Andrews, Scotland, and at Kings College, the Univ. of London (from 1946 until his death). In Berkeley, Calif.
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 and James WatsonWatson, James Dewey,
1928–, American biologist and educator, b. Chicago, Ill., grad. Univ. of Chicago, 1947, Ph.D. Univ. of Indiana, 1950. With F. H. C. Crick he began (1951) research on the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) at the Cavendish Laboratory at
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 for their work in establishing the structure and function of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the key substance in the transmission of hereditary characteristics from generation to generation. After 1976 he worked at the Salk Institute, San Diego, where he served as president from 1994 to 1995. His subsequent research focused on protein synthesis, the genetic code and its conversion into amino acids, embryonic development, the neurobiological basis of consciousness, and other biological issues.


See his Of Molecules and Men (1967), Life Itself (1981), and What Mad Pursuit (1988); biography by M. Ridley (2006); J. D. Watson, The Double Helix (1968), and H. F. Judson, The Eighth Day of Creation (expanded ed. 1996).

Crick, Francis Harry Compton


Born June 8, 1916, in Northampton. English physicist and specialist in molecular biology. Member of the Royal Society of London (1959); honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1962).

Crick has worked at Cambridge University since graduating from University College in London in 1937 (with an interruption from 1939–1947). Together with J. Watson, he determined the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and explained how its molecules are copied in cell division, thereby laying the foundation for molecular genetics. The discovery was one of the most important scientific events of the 20th century. Crick was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962 (jointly with J. Watson and M. Wilkins) for discovering the molecular structure of nucleic acids and their importance for the hereditary transmission of the traits and properties of the organism.


Of Molecules and Men. London, 1966.
In Russian translation:” K voprosu o geneticheskom kode.” In I. Gershkovich, Genetika. Moscow, 1968.


Watson, J. D. Dvoinaia spiral’. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from English.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Eventually, Francis Crick would admit that her data were "the data we actually used" to formulate their 1953 hypothesis regarding the structure of DNA.
The seven-page handwritten letter from Francis Crick in Cambridge, England, to Michael Crick at his boarding school concludes, "Read this carefully so that you will understand it.
New York : Sixty years after Nobel Prize winning scientist Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA, his family is offering the coveted medal for sale at an auction in New York.
The Society's members included Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, Francis Crick, James Watson, and Stephen Hawking.
Watson, along with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962.
What did scientists James Watson and Francis Crick discover in 1953?
This book by Robert Olby provides a detailed intellectual biography of Francis Crick, best known for his work on the DNA double helix.
From his birth in 1926 in South Africa, to his work on DNA with renowned scientist Francis Crick, to his winning of the Nobel Prize in Medicine of Physiology, and on to his "retired" years revitalizing the molecular biology endeavors of Singapore and Japan, Brenner's awe-inspiring life and works are relived in this work.
MY NOMINATION for Brum's Bright Spark (Mail, August 25) is Maurice Wilkins (1916-2004), the British molecular biologist who shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Francis Crick and James Watson for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material - in other words, the structure of DNA, otherwise known as "the secret of life" - arguably one of the most important scientific discoveries of the 20th century.
James Watson (left) and Francis Crick discover the structure of DNA, finding it can be replicated.
2004: Francis Crick, the biologist who helped discover the double helix shape of DNA, died.
Watson shared a Nobel Prize with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1962 for co-discovering the structure of the DNA molecule.