Francis Ferdinand


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Francis Ferdinand,

1863–1914, Austrian archduke, heir apparent (after 1889) of his uncle, Emperor Francis Joseph. In 1900 he married a Czech, Sophie Chotek. She was made duchess of Hohenberg, but because she was of minor nobility their children were barred from succession. Laboring to transform the dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy into a triple monarchy including a Slavic kingdom under Croatian leadership, he won the enmity of both the Pan-Serbians and the Pan-Germans, and his support of the Christian Socialist campaign for universal suffrage brought the hostility of the Hungarian magnates. In 1913 he became inspector general of the armies. On June 28, 1914, while at Sarajevo on an inspection tour, he and his wife were assassinated by Gavrilo PrincipPrincip, Gavrilo
, 1895–1918, Serbian political agitator, b. Bosnia. As a high-school student and a member of the Serbian nationalist secret society Union or Death (known as the Black Hand), he assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife at Sarajevo in 1914.
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, a Serbian nationalist. Francis Ferdinand's death was the occasion for the Austrian ultimatum, addressed to Serbia by Count BerchtoldBerchtold, Leopold, Graf von
, 1863–1942, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (1912–15). During the Balkan Wars he successfully worked for the creation of an independent Albania to block Serbian access to the Adriatic Sea.
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, that led directly to World War I.

Bibliography

See S. Nickels, Assassination at Sarajevo (1969).

Francis Ferdinand

 

(German, Franz Ferdinand). Born Dec. 18, 1863, in Graz; died June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo. Nephew of Emperor Francis Joseph I; heir to the Hapsburg throne.

Francis Ferdinand became deputy commander in chief of the armed forces in 1898. He was one of the initiators of Austria-Hungary’s annexation of Bosnia and Hercegovina in 1908. He opposed satisfaction of the South Slavs’ demands for independence and favored the transformation of Austria-Hungary into a tripartite Austro-Hungaro-Slav state. Francis Ferdinand was assassinated at Sarajevo by Serbian nationalists.

References in periodicals archive ?
Students will be presented with the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo and asked to prepare their countries' responses.
June 28, 1914: The Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were shot in Sarajevo, before the start of World War 1:
Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie von Hohenberg were assassinated on June 28 .
Anniversaries: 1769: The Morning Chronicle newspaper was first issued; 1778: The British were defeated by Washington's army at the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey; 1838; Queen Victoria crowned at the age of 19; 1910: Westminster Cathedral consecrated; 1914: The Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were shot in Sarajevo starting World War 1; 1919: The Treaty of Versailles was signed; 1950: England lost 0-1 to America in the first round of the World Cup Finals in Brazil; 1958: Death of poet Alfred Noyes.
Anniversaries:1769:The Morning Chronicle newspaper was first issued; 1778: The British were defeated by Washington's army at the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey; 1838; Queen Victoria crowned at the age of 19: 1910: Westminster Cathedral consecrated; 1914: The Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were shot in Sarajevo starting World War 1; 1919: The Treaty of Versailles was signed; 1950: England lost 0-1 to America in the first round of the World Cup Finals in Brazil; 1958: Death of poet Alfred Noyes.