Francis Harry Compton Crick

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crick, Francis Harry Compton


Born June 8, 1916, in Northampton. English physicist and specialist in molecular biology. Member of the Royal Society of London (1959); honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1962).

Crick has worked at Cambridge University since graduating from University College in London in 1937 (with an interruption from 1939–1947). Together with J. Watson, he determined the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and explained how its molecules are copied in cell division, thereby laying the foundation for molecular genetics. The discovery was one of the most important scientific events of the 20th century. Crick was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962 (jointly with J. Watson and M. Wilkins) for discovering the molecular structure of nucleic acids and their importance for the hereditary transmission of the traits and properties of the organism.


Of Molecules and Men. London, 1966.
In Russian translation:” K voprosu o geneticheskom kode.” In I. Gershkovich, Genetika. Moscow, 1968.


Watson, J. D. Dvoinaia spiral’. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from English.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.