Francis Leopold McClintock

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

McClintock, Francis Leopold


Born July 8, 1819, in Dundalk, Ireland; died Nov. 17, 1907, in London. English arctic explorer; admiral (from 1884).

In 1848-54, while taking part in three expeditions for the English government to the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in search of J. Franklin’s missing expedition, McClintock in 1853 completed the discovery of Melville Island and discovered Prince Patrick Island. In 1857-59 he commanded the ship Fox, equipped by Franklin’s widow; in 1859 he and Lieutenant W. Hobson discovered traces of Franklin’s expedition on the northwestern shore of King William Island. The channel between Prince of Wales Island and Victoria Island (Canada) and a southern island in Zemlia Frantsa-Iosifa (USSR) were named for McClintock.


The Voyage of the “Fox” in the Arctic Seas. London, 1860.


Arkticheskie pokhody Dzhona Franklina. Leningrad, 1937.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cook, Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin, Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, Sir George Nares, Sir William Edward Parry, Sir James Clark Ross, and John Rae.
The item was used by Captain Francis Leopold McClintock of the Royal Navy on his Arctic voyage from 1857-59 to search for the remains of Sir John Franklin, who disappeared along with his party of 129 men while attempting to chart and navigate the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic.
The Arctic Fox: Francis Leopold McClintock by David Murphy, Collins Press, hb, pp200, 20 [pounds sterling]
In 1959 the mystery of what happened to Franklin and his men was finally solved when Captain Francis Leopold McClintock, from Co Louth, went down the passage and landed in King William island where Eskimos pointed him to the explorers' graves.
The importance of Erebus Bay first became evident in May 1859, with the discovery of a ship's boat there by the Franklin search expedition led by Francis Leopold McClintock (McClintock, 1859).
The first three proved unsuccessful, but the fourth, which set off in 1857 under the command of Francis Leopold McClintock, found answers to the fate of John's expedition.
Later, on his way into the Arctic on board Fox in 1857, on the expedition that was to reveal more than any other about the fate of the Franklin expedition, Captain Francis Leopold McClintock acquired 30 dogs in West Greenland: 10 at Godhavn, 6 at Proven, and 14 at Upernavik (McClintock, 1859).