Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward

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Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward

Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward, 1863–1942, British explorer, b. India. He explored Manchuria in 1886. The following year he journeyed from China to India, crossing the Gobi desert and the Mustagh Pass (alt. c.19,000 ft/5,791 m) of the Karakorum range. Lord Curzon, the British viceroy in India, sent Younghusband with a military expedition into Tibet in 1904, where he forced a treaty upon the Dalai Lama, opening Tibet to Western trade. Later he surveyed the Brahmaputra and Sutlej rivers and the upper reaches of the Indus. He three times tried and failed to scale Mt. Everest. His books include Heart of a Continent (1898), India and Tibet (1912), and Everest: The Challenge (1936).


See biography by G. Seaver (1953); P. Fleming, Bayonets to Lhasa (1961).

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They should be prepared for the disappointment, similar to the one Francis Younghusband felt during his travels to Lahaul in the 1880s: 'So I asked again how far Dadh was and the man said two miles.
| WHEN did British forces under Francis Younghusband reach |the "Forbidden City" of Lhasa?
Until then, with the exception of a few adventurers, (including Francis Younghusband, who led a punitive British expedition into Tibet in 1904, and the Italian scholar Giuseppe Tucci with photographer, Pietro Francesco Mele, who photographed Densatil in 1948), little was known and not much available on the market.
Auctioneer Andrew Aldridge said: "Anything to do with the Col Francis Younghusband expedition to Tibet is incredibly collectable."
Britain did much of the legwork for its assault on Mount Everest through a series of largely clandestine surveys conducted during the 19th century, culminating in a major campaign in the early 20th century led by Sir Francis Younghusband, who commanded attacks on Tibetan soldiers at Guru, and elsewhere, en route to Lhasa.
March 31 - British expedition to Tibet - Battle of Guru: British troops under Colonel Francis Younghusband defeated ill-equipped Tibetan troops.
The pictures had been taken during the expedition of Edwardian adventurer Francis Younghusband, who marched into the country with around 3,000 troops in 1903-04, famously killing around 700 lightly armed Tibetan monks in the village of Guru.
The second figure, about whom much is known and has been written, is Francis Younghusband, for whom the title "unashamed arch-imperialist" in an age of High Empire might have been coined as a personal motto.
The letter was sent to friend Sir Francis Younghusband, K.C.S.I., with Salam salutation by the holder of five Shri Thimphu district magistrate, Bhutan in the year Wood Snake, 5th day of 5th month.