Francisco Solano López

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López, Francisco Solano

 

Born July 24, 1826, in Asunción; died Mar. 1, 1870, in Cêrro Corá. Paraguayan statesman and diplomat.

López headed the first Paraguayan embassy to Europe (1853-54) and later defended his country’s economic and political sovereignty in negotiations with foreign states. While serving as minister of war (1855), he carried out a reorganization of the army; he initiated the construction of an arsenal, a foundry, and a railroad. Lopez was president from 1862 to 1870 and encouraged the development of the national economy and culture. Between 1864 and 1870, during Paraguay’s war with the reactionary coalition of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, he showed himself to be a talented organizer and military leader. He died in battle.

References in periodicals archive ?
It has refurbished the old municipal theater of Asuncion, restored the railway station there, and helped renovate the government palace--the latest restoration project since Francisco Solano Lopez lived in the neoclassical mansion in the 1860s.
There she met Francisco Solano Lopez, the charismatic son of the Paraguayan dictator, at a ball in the Tuileries in January 1854.
Additionally, Francisco Solano Lopez has long been redeemed in Paraguayan historiography.
The Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano Lopez lost his life during the War of the Triple Alliance and was widely believed to have led Paraguay into ruin.
Francisco Solano Lopez, (2) la otra figura central de la historia paraguaya del siglo XIX, se desplazara hacia el centro en la literatura del ultimo Roa Bastos.
Es sobre todo a traves de las cartas (ficticias) de Burton que se traza un semblante y una interpretacion de Francisco Solano Lopez.
El gran protagonista, Francisco Solano Lopez, siendo en principio el de la tesis revisionista, llega a desviarse de ella cuando la composicion del personaje requiere la dimension tragica y mesianica, que no excluye su opuesto, su denigracion grotesca.
Durante el gobierno de Francisco Solano Lopez se produjo la Guerra de la Triple Alianza (1865-70) en la cual Paraguay fue derrotado por Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay.
Francisco Solano Lopez and the ruination of Paraguay; honor and egocentrism.
present a political biography of Francisco Solano Lopez (1826-1870), the Paraguayan dictator reviled by his contemporaries for having begun the War of the Triple Alliance, which devastated the country and resulted in the permanent loss of disputed territories to its rivals, and later politically resuscitated as a national hero by 20th century Paraguayan dictator Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda.
Imagine, once again, the leaders, Dom Pedro II of Brazil, Bartolome Mitre of Argentina, and Venancio Flores of Uruguay, sometime enemies, always suspicious of one another, thrown together in an unholy "triple alliance" to thwart the dreams of a self-proclaimed New World Napoleon, Paraguay's Marshall-President Francisco Solano Lopez.
He uses light-colored wood for the Paraguayan Army (with General Francisco Solano Lopez as king and his companion, Eliza Lynch, as queen), whereas the combined armies of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay are rendered in a much darker hue.