Francisco Villa


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Related to Francisco Villa: Venustiano Carranza, Porfirio Diaz, Alvaro Obregon

Villa, Francisco

 

(Pancho Villa, pseudonym of Doroteo Arango). Born Oct. 4, 1877, in Rio Grande in the state of Durango; died July 20, 1923, in Hidalgo del Parral in the state of Chihuahua. Leader of the peasant movement during the Mexican Revolution of 1910-17.

Villa played an important role in the overthrow of the dictatorship of P. Diaz in 1911 and in the suppression of the counterrevolutionary rebellion of P. Orozco in 1912. In 1913 he formed the Northern Division, which operated in the states of Chihuahua and Coahuila. In the territory he controlled, land belonging to owners of large latifundia was confiscated and distributed to the peasants; industrial enterprises owned by reactionaries were also confiscated. Construction of schools increased. In December 1914, Villa’s troops and E. Zapata’s peasant detachments entered Mexico City. However, under the pressure of Carranza’s government troops, they left the capital in January 1915. During the US intervention in Mexico (1916-17), Villa participated actively in the struggle against the invaders. From 1916 to 1919 he carried on partisan fighting against the landlords and the Carranza government. In 1920 he withdrew from the revolutionary movement. He was killed by reactionaries. Villa’s image is reflected in a book written by J. Reed, who was a correspondent for American newspapers in Mexico during 1913-14.

REFERENCES

Lavretskii, I. R. Pancho Vil’ia. Moscow, 1962.
Reed, J. Vosstavshaia Meksika. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from >English.)

M. S. AL’PEROVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
En tanto, Martin Luis Guzman, mas interesado en el proceso narrativo, estuvo atento a los aspectos politicos, historicos y literarios que habrian de coronar a su agente historico favorito: Francisco Villa.
En efecto, la meta que se propone la escritora mexicana consiste en demostrar el caracter positivo de la actuacion de Villa durante la Revolucion: "Hago constar que este Francisco Villa nada tiene que ver con el protagonista de tantas historias falsas y leyendas ridiculas.
Interview with Francisco Pinon Carvajal, adopted son of General Francisco Villa, in Cd.
Desde luego que hay que agregar los publicados en ingles y aleman: "Pancho Villa as Revolutionary Governor of Chihuahua", "Mexico: Restored Republic and Porfiriato, 1867-1910", "From Alliance to Dependency: the formation and deformation of an Alliance between Francisco Villa and the United States", "Zum Werdegang der Nachkommen von Azteken, Inka und Maya seit der spanischen Eroberung", "The demise of the old order on Mexico's Haciendas 1911-1913", " The agrarian policies of Emiliano Zapata, Francisco Villa and Venustiano Carranza", "Mexico, Gilberto Bosques and the Refugees", "Unterschichten, Staat und Revolution: Mexico im 19und 20 Jahrhundert".
Enseguida vendra el testimonio de diversos veteranos de la Division del Norte y otros familiares de Francisco Villa.
Euphorbiaceae) en El Jardin; y cinco ejemplares de Euphoria leucographa (Gory & Percheron, 1833) fueron atraidos por la trampa de frutas en Francisco Villa.
cultivars from the collection of the Campo Citricola Experimental Francisco Villa, Tamaulipas, Mexico, were evaluated using morphological and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) markers.
Gonazalez, of the Francisco Villa Popular Front, says the solution lies somewhere between free-market practices and government intervention.
Salazar, a former justice undersecretary, has been under fire since the tragic death of ERC Director Francisco Villa Jr.
A sus andenes bajo en 1914 el general Emiliano Zapata para su historico encuentro con Francisco Villa en Xochimilco.
Al respecto senala Herbert en la pagina 35: "Cualquiera que escriba sobre la matanza de chinos tendria que recalcar en algun momento (no sin impaciencia) que Francisco Villa no pudo participar de los hechos; estaba muy ocupado tomando Ciudad Juarez, a mas de mil kilometros de aqui.
Luis Enrique Granillo, vocero del Frente Popular Campesino Francisco Villa, declaro el 4 de febrero ultimo que el nuevo grupo de autodefensa en la entidad pretende atender la seguridad en Amatepec, Luvianos, Tejupilco, Tlatlaya y otras demarcaciones de la region del sur del Estado de Mexico, donde tienen presencia celulas de La Familia Michoacana, Los Caballeros Templarios y el Cartel de Jalisco Nueva Generacion.