Francisco de Zurbarán

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zurbarán, Francisco de


Baptized Nov. 7, 1598, in Fuente de Cantos, Badajoz; died Aug. 27, 1664, in Madrid. Spanish painter.

Zurbarán studied in Sevilla with P. D. de Villanueva (from 1614) and, possibly, with F. Pacheco. He lived and worked in Llerena (Badajoz) from 1617 to 1628, at which time he settled in Sevilla.

Zurbarán’s most characteristic paintings are devoted to themes from the lives of saints and monasticism (for example, St. Bonaventura Praying Before the Election of Pope Gregory X, 1629, Dresden Picture Gallery). His early works show the strong influence of Caravaggio (for example, the retablo of St. Peter’s chapel in the Sevilla Cathedral, 1625). Works from Zurbarán’s most prolific period, from 1630 through the 1640’s, are marked by austere and simple monumental images that are dramatically intense yet nobly restrained in emotion. Beginning in the 1650’s elements of emotional excitation of an ecstatic or more lyrical tone appeared in the artist’s paintings (for example, The Crucifixion, early 1660’s, Hermitage, Leningrad). Zurbarán also painted mythological scenes, portraits, and still lifes.


Malitskaia, K. M. Fransisko Surbaran: 1598–1664. Moscow, 1963.
Guinard, P. Zurbarán et les peintres espagnols de la vie monastique. Paris, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Auckland Castle: Greeted effusively and, for a very reasonable fee, view the 17th century Spanish master, Francisco Zurbaran.
The castle and the paintings by Spanish artist Francisco Zurbaran, which have hung there for 250 years, have now been transferred to a newly-created charitable trust.
Fears had been growing that the 12 paintings by 17th-Century Spanish artist Francisco Zurbaran hanging in Auckland Castle, Durham, would be lost to the region.
A working party had been established to see whether 12 paintings by 17th-Century Spanish artist Francisco Zurbaran could remain in Auckland Castle, Durham, amid plans to sell them.
There is also a proposal to sell works by Spanish Baroque artist Francisco Zurbaran, which hang at Auckland Castle.
The works by Spanish Baroque artist Francisco Zurbaran are currently housed in Auckland Castle, Bishop Auckland, County Durham, but have been subject to controversial plans to sell them for pounds 15m.