Franco Venturi

Venturi, Franco

 

Born May 16, 1914, in Rome. Italian historian. Professor at the University of Turin and director of the Institute for the History of the Risorgimento at Turin University.

In 1933, Venturi was sentenced to 18 years in prison for organizing a student antifascist manifestation in Turin. He fled to France. During World War II, in 1943—45 he was one of the organizers of the partisan movement in the Piedmont. Venturi is known as a historian of the European Enlightenment movement in the 18th century, particularly in France and Italy, and of the revolutionary and democratic movement in Italy, France, and Russia in the 19th century. His work on Russian Narodnichestvo (Populism), which he views as part of the general European revolutionary and socialist movement, is the most important non-Russian work on the subject .

WORKS

Il populismo russo, vols. 1-2. [Turin] 1952.
Il moto decabrista’ e i fratelli Poggio. [Turin] 1956.
Esuli russi in Piemonte dopo il ’48. [Turin] 1959.
Settecento riformatore. [Turin] 1969.

V. S. BONDARCHUK

References in periodicals archive ?
10) See, for example, Franco Venturi, The End of the Old Regime in Europe, 1768-1776: The First Crisis, trans.
Mas nao a historiografia do Risorgimento, e isto, pode-se sustentar, tanto gracas a Gramsci e ao nutrido grupo de historiadores que passou a se inspirar nos seus escritos e sugestoes (ja se observou que, se nao se pode talar na existencia de filosofos ou de criticos literarios gramscianos, pode-se falar em historiadores gramscianos), quanto gracas a historiadores como Franco Venturi (1904-1994, integrante do Partido d' Azione, durante a Resistencia) e Gaetano Salvemini (1873-1957), una dos fundadores do movimento Giustizia e Liberta, em 1929.
Anderson, Paul Schroeder, and Franco Venturi, who have touched on this subject in works of broader thematic scope.
Although the context for the Italian Enlightenment is discussed, and some Enlightenment figures are fitted into the eighteenth-century reform movements, there is little discussion of the content of Enlightenment thought, despite the many volumes that Franco Venturi (who gets one slighting footnote) devoted to this subject.
Confino's studies on the Russian intelligentsia were dose to those of Franco Venturi, to whom he was personally and intellectually connected.
8) Confino recently wrote on Venturi in "Introduzione: La Russia di Franco Venturi," in Franco Venturi e la Russia, ed.
This willful ignoring of the practical application of enlightened principles demands, not surprisingly, a failure even to cite the foremost historian of the European Enlightenment right into the 1980s, Franco Venturi.
Like a number of historians of his generation and of a younger one like mine, Franco Venturi (1914-94) did not come to the practice of history and to the professorial chair at the university after quiet and undisturbed years of study along the traditional and uneventful cursus honorum of higher learning and students' pastimes?
When reading his monumental work, one understands why Alexander Gerschenkron called it "a Herculean labor," and John Robertson spoke of it as an "epic work"; (4) it explains also why the reader has always the feeling that Franco Venturi has "read everything" (as he often wished), has covered all the topics related to the subject, has seen all the pertinent issues.
Lev Semenovich Gordon, a scholar in 18th-century and Voltaire studies, is one example of this kind of person, and the moving correspondence (included in Franco Venturi e la Russia) between him and Franco and his wife Gigliola Venturi, a scholar in her own right, is a testimony of their deep feelings and active attitude toward the Russia that Lev and Faina Gordon represented.
Briefly stated, he wrote intellectual biographies of four of the six authors named above and later published the ones on Prokopovich (in 1953) and on Radishchev (in 1972), leaving unpublished the other two--on Shcherbatov and Novikov--which appeared for the first time in 2006 in Franco Venturi e la Russia.
71) Franco Venturi is among the few who excel in combining a massive productivity with a constantly high level of erudition and of original interpretations.