François Duvalier

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Duvalier, François

 

Born Apr. 14, 1907, in Port-au-Prince; died there Apr. 22, 1971. Haitian statesman and politician.

In 1932, Duvalier graduated from the medical faculty of the University of Haiti. From 1932 to 1954 he worked in various medical institutions in his country, including several American medical missions. Until 1957 he was under-minister of labor and thereafter minister of labor and public health. In 1957 he made every effort to be elected president of Haiti. Duvalier established a bloody dictatorship, ruling with the support of detachments of Tonton Macoutes (his personal bodyguard) and the police. In 1964 he had the National Assembly enact a law making him president for life. Before his death he bestowed the presidency upon his son.

REFERENCE

Diederich, B., and A. Burt. Papa Doc: Haiti and Its Dictator. London, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In contrast, noiriste thinkers, led initially by the Griots, a group formed in the early 1930s by Lorimer Denis, Louis Diaquoi, and Francois Duvalier, argued that the milat elite oppressed the masses through mimicry of French culture.
Robert Rotberg and Christopher Clague trace the re-formation of this new doublure as early as 1971, the year Francois Duvalier died and the year Jean Claude Duvalier took office.
(33) Francois Duvalier came to power in 1957 and in 1962 proclaimed himself President for life.
After the 14 years of Francois Duvalier (Papa Doc) and the 15 years of his son, Jean-Claude (Baby Doc), leaders came and went and did so with astonishing frequency until in 1991 came the victory in a rare election of the "hollowed-cheeked, goggle-eyed, wide-mouthed" revolutionary, ex priest Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Francois Duvalier was elected president of Haiti in 1957 for a six-year term.
Ac yna yn 1957 etholwyd Dr Francois Duvalier yn Arlywydd.
The first two decades of post-occupation politics saw as many coups, until stability of a sort was attained with the election of Francois Duvalier, known as "Papa Doc", in 1957.
He describes how Haiti's dictator Francois Duvalier was caught in the middle while Dominican Republic dictator Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo Molina saw him as a dangerous communist.

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