François Duvalier

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Duvalier, François


Born Apr. 14, 1907, in Port-au-Prince; died there Apr. 22, 1971. Haitian statesman and politician.

In 1932, Duvalier graduated from the medical faculty of the University of Haiti. From 1932 to 1954 he worked in various medical institutions in his country, including several American medical missions. Until 1957 he was under-minister of labor and thereafter minister of labor and public health. In 1957 he made every effort to be elected president of Haiti. Duvalier established a bloody dictatorship, ruling with the support of detachments of Tonton Macoutes (his personal bodyguard) and the police. In 1964 he had the National Assembly enact a law making him president for life. Before his death he bestowed the presidency upon his son.


Diederich, B., and A. Burt. Papa Doc: Haiti and Its Dictator. London, 1970.
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In contrast, noiriste thinkers, led initially by the Griots, a group formed in the early 1930s by Lorimer Denis, Louis Diaquoi, and Francois Duvalier, argued that the milat elite oppressed the masses through mimicry of French culture.
Robert Rotberg and Christopher Clague trace the re-formation of this new doublure as early as 1971, the year Francois Duvalier died and the year Jean Claude Duvalier took office.
Los exiliados Pierre Armand y Louis Dejoie anunciaron por radio que ha sido formado un frente revolucionario haitiano dedicado al derrocamiento del regimen de Francois Duvalier.
33) Francois Duvalier came to power in 1957 and in 1962 proclaimed himself President for life.
Tras la muerte de Francois Duvalier en 1971, paradojicamente el corrupto sistema haitiano alcanzo cierta solidez cuando su hijo Jean Claude Duvalier, de solo veinte anos de edad, le sustituyo en el poder, heredando la dictadura.
Francois Duvalier was elected president of Haiti in 1957 for a six-year term.
The first two decades of post-occupation politics saw as many coups, until stability of a sort was attained with the election of Francois Duvalier, known as "Papa Doc", in 1957.
Ac yna yn 1957 etholwyd Dr Francois Duvalier yn Arlywydd.
En 1964, siete anos despues de llegar al poder en Haiti, Francois Duvalier, Papa Doc, se autoproclamo presidente vitalicio y, avalado por una Asamblea Nacional compuesta por diputados que el mismo nombro, consolido su reinado de terror hasta su muerte, en 1971.
He describes how Haiti's dictator Francois Duvalier was caught in the middle while Dominican Republic dictator Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo Molina saw him as a dangerous communist.
Which Caribbean country was ruled by the controversial Dr Francois Duvalier from 1957 to 1971?

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