François Pierre Guillaume Guizot

(redirected from Francois Guizot)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Guizot, François Pierre Guillaume

 

Born Oct. 4, 1787, in Nîmes; died Sept. 12, 1874, in Val Richer. French statesman and historian. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1832) and of the French Academy (1836).

Guizot held the posts of minister of internal affairs (August-November 1830), education (1832-36, 1836-37), and foreign affairs (1840-48) and was prime minister from 1847 to 1848. After 1840 he was the actual director of the overall policy of the July monarchy. Guizot’s domestic policy was based on struggle against the workers’ movement. (On Guizot’s order, K. Marx was expelled from France in 1845.) The 1848 revolution put an end to his political career.

Guizot was an ideologist of the big bourgeoisie. He was one of the originators of the theory of the class struggle as a central motive force of historical events. However, Guizot’s understanding of the class struggle was notable for its bourgeois narrow-mindedness: he reduced the essence of class differences simply to property relations, without considering the question of the real origin of property. He refused to see the exploitation of one class by another at the base of the relationship of antagonistic classes. He denied the class nature of the bourgeois state and was hostile toward the struggle of the popular masses. Guizot portrayed the history of France as a history of the struggle first between the conquerors of Gaul—the Teutons—and the Gallo-Romans enslaved by them, and later as a struggle between the descendants of the Teutons, the nobility, and the descendants of the Gallo-Romans, the third estate. Guizot’s views underwent a significant evolution; after the 1848 revolution, he renounced the theory of the class struggle.

WORKS

Du Gouvernement de la France depuis la Restauration et du ministère actuel Paris, 1820.
Essais sur l’histoire de France …, 12th ed. Paris, 1868.
Histoire de la révolution d’Angleterre …, vols. 1-6, 1854-56.
Histoire générate de la civilisation en Europe …. Paris, 1839.
Histoire de la civilisation en France, 15th ed., vols. 1-4. Paris, 1884.
De la Démocratic en France …. Paris, 1849.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Klassovaia bor’ba vo Frantsii.” In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 7.
Marx, K. “Grazhdanskaia voina vo Frantsii.” Ibid., vol. 17.
Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Gizo ….” Ibid., vol. 7.
Plekhanov, G. V. “K voprosu o razvitii monisticheskogo vzgliada na istoriiu.” Izbr. filosofskie proizvedeniia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1956. Chapter 2.
Alpatov, M. A. Politicheskie idei frantsuzskoi burzhuaznoi istoriografii 19 v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Reizov, B. G. Frantsuzskaia romanticheskaia istoriografiia (1815-1830). Leningrad, 1956.

M. A. ALPATOV

References in periodicals archive ?
58) Francois GUIZOT, Historia de la civilizacion en Europa, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1968, p.
20) See Francois Guizot, Memoires pour servir a l'histoire de mon temps, 8 vols (Paris: Levy, 1867), v, 170-73.
In fact, many of the most revered historians of the nineteenth century, such as Jules Michelet and Francois Guizot, had virtual "household workshops" (85).
There are striking elements of continuity that have characterized French policy since 1842, when Prime Minister Francois Guizot, seduced by the lure of the allegedly rich "China market," sought points d'appui in the Pacific.
A suggestion about 1836 by Francois Guizot, then minister of education, that Sainte-Beuve demonstrate his eminence as a scholar by producing a major work led to Port-Royal, his single most famous piece of writing.
There are separate chapters on the historians Augustin Thierry, Francois Guizot, Edgar Quinet and Jules Michelet; a chapter on the historical vision of Saint-Simon and the Saint-Simonians; a lengthy introduction on historical models from the 1790s to 1830; and a conclusion.
von Schlegel, and Francois Guizot appear alongside Coleridge, Hazlitt, and Keats.
A partir de Francois Guizot (1787-1874) y John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), la Oposicion fue reconocida como parte integrante del sistema politico, entendido este de forma amplia y dinamica.
Calhoun, Francois Guizot, and Sir Robert Peel in the same essay, but Professor Clinton shows that all three men valued diplomacy because of its contribution to conservatism in the most fundamental sense: that is, diplomacy helps to conserve social institutions and social order by the avoidance of war, which almost inevitably brings destructive political and cultural developments, apart from what happens on the battlefield.
Ed reminded me of a story about Francois Guizot, the French historian and statesman.