François Hotman

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Hotman, François

 

(Franciscus Hotomanus). Born Aug. 23, 1524, in Paris; died Feb. 12, 1590, in Basel. French jurist and writer on political subjects; a monarchomach.

Hotman taught Roman law in Paris, Lyon, Geneva, Lausanne, Strasbourg, Valence, and Bourges. He converted from Catholicism to Calvinism in 1547 and took an active part in disseminating the teachings of J. Calvin. In 1572, after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, he left France and lived first in Geneva and then in Basel.

Hotman is the author of a number of juridical treatises and political pamphlets, the most significant of which is Franco-Gallia (1573). Directed against royal absolutism, this work defends limited monarchy, the political privileges of the feudal aristocracy, and the right to depose a “tyrant” who violates these privileges.

WORKS

Opera, vols. 1–3. Lyon, 1599–1600.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of perhaps greatest value is his thorough examination of a large body of writings that ordinarily have been ignored by scholars in favor of a nearly exclusive concentration on a few of the more famous Monarchomaque texts by authors such as Francois Hotman, Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, Theodore Beza, and George Buchanan.
A final chapter argues that, over the years, Calvin increasingly emphasized a concept of marriage as a covenant, like the covenant between God and the church, with which he anticipated a later theology of marriage along these lines by Theodore Beza, Francois Hotman, and future Puritans, Presbyterians, and Pietists.
Yardeni considers in turn the writings of Henri de La Popeliniere, Francois Hotman, Michel Hurault, Palma Cayet, Jacques Basnage, Pierre Bayle, Paul de Rapin Thoyras, Jean-Pierre Erman, and Pierre Reclam.
For example, Francois Hotman, who wrote the Francogallia in 1573 to justify revolution by the people in the face of tyranny and a broken contract, was asked by Henri de Navarre in 1585 to refute the Catholic League's goal of justifying revolution in order to preserve Roman Catholic orthodoxy.
Like his contemporary Francois Hotman, whose texts Goulart would include in his Memoires, the more fundamental and probing aspects of legal humanism such as philology and diplomatics were not made use of in some texts.
Yet the legend of the Salic Law was still controversial in the sixteenth century and was demolished by jurists or chroniclers such as Jean Du Tillet, Bernard de Girard, Francois Hotman, and Papire Masson.
63) The most eminent scholars at the Geneva Academy were Jean Calvin who taught theology from 1559 to 1564, Theodore de Beze who taught theology from 1559 to 1595 and in 1598 and 1599, Francois Hotman who taught law from 1572 to 1578, Joseph-Juste Scaliger who taught arts from 1572 to 1574, Isaac Casaubon who taught Greek from 1582 to 1586, and 1587 to 1596, and Giulio Pacio who taught law and sometimes arts from 1575 to 1597.
If Dubois produced an artistic expression of a wounded body politic, his fellow Protestant, Francois Hotman, produced perhaps the grandest historical reaction to the French religious wars.
Although Montaigne appears as a contributor to the tradition of skepticism, and Descartes makes his appearance in turn, France is not a primary forum, and neither Francois Hotman nor Jean Bodin play major roles.