François Mitterrand

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mitterrand, François


Born Oct. 26, 1916, in Jarnac, department of Charente. French politician. Lawyer by education.

Mitterrand served in World War II from September 1939. He was wounded and taken prisoner. After escaping in 1942, he worked in the Resistance and headed the National Movement of War Prisoners and Deportees. In 1944 he became secretary-general for War Prisoners and Deportees in the De Gaulle government. A deputy in parliament from 1946 to 1958 and again from 1962, Mitterrand was a leader of the party known as the Democratic and Socialist Resistance Union, of which he was chairman from 1953 to 1965. A member of the government from 1947 to 1948 and from 1950 to 1953, he resigned in 1953 in opposition to the government’s policy in North Africa. From 1954 to 1957 he was again member of the government.

Mitterrand was the candidate of the left in the presidential elections of 1965. From December 1965 to November 1968 he was president of the Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left. He headed the party known as the Convention of Republican Institutions from December 1970 to June 1971. After the socialist unity congress in June 1971, Mitterrand was chosen first secretary of the Socialist Party. In 1972 he signed the governmental program of the united left. A candidate of the left in the presidential election of 1974, Mitterrand won 49.2 percent of the vote. Since 1972 he has been vice-president of the Socialist International. [16–1001–4; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Socialist party is seeking to return to the French Presidency for the first time since Francois Mitterrand left office in 1995.
If elected, Mr Hollande would be France's first left-wing president since Francois Mitterrand, who completed two seven-year terms between 1981 and 1995.
Without encountering richer reference to the larger political community and its evolution across the Fourth and Fifth Republics, one can only wonder how Francois Mitterrand, the political tiger, became the avuncular Tonton, warts and all, to the French.
1 Jacques Chirac replaced Francois Mitterrand as French president.
Back to the same position under socialist President Francois Mitterrand, in an arrangement called "cohabitation" (when the president and the prime minister come from opposite camps), he pushed for privatization of the big French companies previously nationalized after Mitterrand's election in 1981.
Thesp Carole Bouquet brought a touch of glamour--and intrigue--last week to the trial of 12 former French government officials accused of running an illegal phone-tapping operation on behalf of the late President Francois Mitterrand.
Annette Fierro is Assistant Professor of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania and the stated topic of her book is 'the monumental glass buildings of contemporary Paris, most of which are in the program for the Grands Projets of Francois Mitterrand, president of France between 1981 and 1993' (she means 1995).
To the postwar technical baccalaureat the socialist government under president Francois Mitterrand added a "professional" baccalaureat in 1985, "the first time in the history of French education that the bac was associated with the vulgar term vocational and was awarded to workers" (p.
It is true that in spite of the oracular content of some of his pronouncements, nobody could ever have accused Francois Mitterrand of being a mystic.
His presidential portraits of Georges Pompidou and Francois Mitterrand may decorate the Palais de l'Elysee, but the French painter Jean Olivier Hucleux remains largely unknown.
Succeeding the Gaullists in 1981, Francois Mitterrand took up the more subtle and less exalted task of governing the French such as they were.