Francophonie, La

Francophonie, La,

officially the

International Organization of the Francophonie,

Fr. Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), an intergovernmental organization of mainly French-speaking nations and regions that promotes the education and culture of French speakers as well as peace, democracy, human rights, and economic cooperation and development in the French-speaking world. Founded in 1986 at an international conference at Versailles, France, the organization has 58 members (54 nations and the French Community of Belgium, the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec, and the French territory of New Caledonia); a number of non-French-speaking nations are among its members. The OIF is headed by a secretary-general (who chairs the OIF's permanent standing committee) and holds (since 1987) biennial meetings of the leaders of its member nations. The organization's bodies include the Intergovernmental Agency, its main agency; several specialized agencies, among them TV5 and Senghor Univ. of Alexandria; and the consultative Parliamentary Assembly.

La Francophonie originated in a number of international organizations of French speakers established after World War II. An international association of francophone journalists was founded in 1950, of national education ministers in 1960, of universities in 1961, and of national legislators in 1967. In 1970, at a conference in Niamey, Niger, the first intergovernmental body of the French-speaking world, the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT), was founded. In the 1990s these and other organizations were consolidated under a standing committee (est. 1991), which gave the OIF a more permanent status; ACCT became the Intergovernmental Agency of La Francophonie in 1996. The post of secretary-general was created in 1997, and Boutros Boutros GhaliBoutros-Ghali, Boutros
, 1922–2016, Egyptian statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1992–96). Born into a politically connected Coptic Christian family, he earned degrees in law at the universities of Cairo (LL.B., 1946) and Paris (Ph.D., 1949).
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 was the first to serve in the post.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Several windows will be opened on this occasion at the headquarters of the UNESCO and the International Organisation of La Francophonie, La Maison de Tunisie at the International University City in Paris as well as other screening places so as to bring together Tunisian and French movie lovers and those seeking to discover the Tunisian 7th art.
OTTAWA, Canada, 29 janvier 2014/African Press Organization (APO)/ -- Deepak Obhrai, secretaire parlementaire du ministre des Affaires etrangeres et pour les Droits internationaux de la personne, a annonce aujourd'hui, au nom de l'honorable Christian Paradis, ministre du Developpement international et ministre de la Francophonie, la contribution du Canada a une serie d'initiatives qui favoriseront la croissance economique durable, la securite alimentaire et la bonne gouvernance en Afrique.
Postcolonial haunting, as O'Riley (Francophone and comparative literature, The Colorado College) uses the term, is about ways of looking at dwelling places from the perspective of the ghost of colonialism, and is exemplified in the recent writings of Algerian novelist Assia Djebar, which point to how the specters of colonial history "establish memorial cults where the image of the martyr and the victim conditions actions and responses that preclude dialogue between Western and Arab spheres." This argument is supported and expanded upon through readings of Ces Voix que m'assiegent: en marge de ma francophonie, La femme sans sepulture, La Disparition de la langue francaise, and La Nuits de Strasbourg.
Pour celles qui s'interessent a tine comprehension des dynamiques de la recherche feministe dans la francophonie, la deuxieme partie (sauf les temoignages) petit servir a prendre acte de certains problemes.